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Details

China Blocks All Versions of Wikipedia Ahead of Massacre Anniversary

Wikipedia website confirming that all language versions of its online encyclopedia are now blocked to users behind China’s Great Firewall, May 17, 2019~Wikipedia

Wikipedia has confirmed that all language versions of its online encyclopedia are now blocked to users behind China’s Great Firewall.

“Access to Wikipedia has varied over the years with the Chinese language version being controlled more tightly than other versions,” according to the Wikipedia page titled “Censorship of Wikipedia” said.

“As of April 2019, all versions of Wikipedia are blocked in China,” it said.

The ruling Chinese Communist Party imposes tight control on what the country’s 800 million internet users can do or see online, using a complex system of blocks, filters and human censorship known collectively as China’s Great Firewall.

Chinese rights activist and tech expert Pu Fei said people had once relied heavily on versions of Wikipedia that were still accessible, to get access to uncensored information.

He said the new block is likely linked to a nationwide security clampdown ahead of the 30th anniversary of the Tiananmen massacre on June 4, 1989.

“This year, we have the 70th anniversary of Communist Party rule, their own anniversary, and the people’s 30th anniversary [of the 1989 massacre], so you could say that things are pretty tightly controlled, especially the internet,” Pu said.

China’s own Baidu search engine runs an encyclopedia site, but content is strictly regulated by government censors.

Unified and preapproved thinking

Pu said there are contributors to Wikipedia who live behind the Great Firewall, yet were still able to contribute their knowledge and research to the site. He said many users would now lose access to uncensored content.

He called for an end to government censorship.

“I wish that the authorities would feel able to countenance the development of online activity with a more open mind,” Pu said. “There should be no more interference. The internet should be a free space.”

Current affairs commentator Jin Shan said it’s also possible that Wikipedia has been blocked amid growing bilateral tensions and a trade war with the United States.

He said sites like Wikipedia pose a constant threat to the unified and preapproved thinking that the ruling party is trying to impose on its own officials.

“Once people are in the know, then they can’t all hold the same views,” Jin said. “Once that happens, this is going to have the effect of fragmenting decision-making.”

“That’s why they want a high degree of unity [among decision-makers], so that is one motivation [for the block],” he said.

Xia Ming, professor of political science at New York’s City University, said the government is very nervous in the run-up to the sensitive anniversaries.

“Whenever they let things go a bit, there is more chaos [in public opinion], so then they tighten up control again as soon as that happens,” Xia said. “This is how they have always done it.”

Tightening under Xi Jinping

He said control of public speech and thought via the internet began to tighten across the board after President Xi Jinping took power in 2012, however.

“It’s the only method known to Xi Jinping,” Xia said. “They clearly believe that they can exert total control; it’s their way of hanging onto power.”

“Xi Jinping is facing a lot of popular resistance and various economic problems,” Xia said. “He is also engaged in an internal power struggle within the party.”

“Seen from this point of view, he is fighting for his life, especially because of the economic situation,” he said.

Repeated calls to China’s powerful Cyberspace Administration rang unanswered during office hours on Friday.

Wikipedia said the Chinese-language site had received positive coverage in the state media as late as 2004, but was then blocked on June 3 that year, ahead of the 15th anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and subsequent massacre by the People’s Liberation Army(PLA).

In October 2006, The New York Times reported that English Wikipedia was unblocked in China, with the Chinese version unblocked the following month, sparking Wikipedia boom during which 300–400 newaccounts were created daily and the rate of new registrations more than tripled to over 1,200 daily.

However, government censors began targeting specific articles at some point in 2006, Reuters reported, in particular the article on the June 4, 1989 massacre.

Forced amnesia on June 4

In 2012, both Chinese and English Wikipedias were accessible in China, with the exception of political articles.

Chinese authorities started blocking access to the secure (HTTPS) version of the site on 31 May 2013. However, the use of HTTPS meant that the government was unable to see which pages were being viewed byChinese users, the article said.

“As a result, Beijing chose to block the whole Chinese Wikipedia; as of June 2015, both encrypted and un-encrypted Chinese-language Wikipedia are blocked,” it said.

However, until last month, some Chinese users were still able to visit sites in other languages, including Japanese.

The 1989 protests, which took over Tiananmen Square for several weeks, were sparked by a spontaneous outpouring of public mourning following
the funeral of ousted liberal premier Hu Yaobang onApril 22 that year.

The government styled the 1989 student-led democracy protests a “counterrevolutionary rebellion,” and the families of victims and pro-democracy campaigners have since focused their efforts on a re-evaluation of that verdict, as well as demanding compensation andthe apportioning of blame and responsibility for the massacre.

Public memorials and discussions of the events of June 1989 are banned in mainland China, with activists who seek to commemorate the bloodshed often detained, with veteran dissidents placed under police surveillance or detention during each anniversary.

Reported by Shi Shan for RFA’s Mandarin Service, and by Wong Lok-to for the Cantonese Service. Translated and edited by Luisetta Mudie.

Copyright © 1998-2016, RFA. Used with the permission of Radio Free Asia, 2025 M St. NW, Suite 300, Washington DC 20036. https://www.rfa.org

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Top

India News Brief

 29 May, 2020

Railways is fully committed to help our worker brethren reach their home states. We will schedule Shramik Special Trains on the same day as we get demand from originating state and we will run the train on the next day itself, Railway Board Chairman Vinod Kumar Yadav Said.

According to him, only 1.85% of total 3,840 trains were diverted, and that too for only 4 days

Nearly 80 percent of Shramik Special passengers were to Uttar Pradesh and Bihar

Probable Guidelines for Lockdown 5.0.

More travel routes are likely to open in Lockdown 5.0.

From June 1, the Railways will operate 100 pairs of mail or express trains, bookings have already begun. Then AC class services will resume.

Some states have already begun intra-state buses. Other states may  begin intra-tate bus services after June 1.Metro  services may begin in a limited manner, with lesser passenger capacity, social distancing norms and longer stops at each station.

Shops selling non-essential items were allowed to open during Lockdown 4.0.. More shops may open in Lockdown 5.0 even in markets.But no confirmed news regarding opening of shopping malls.Now many shops that have re-opened in market areas are operating on an odd-even basis.

Some cities have already allowed salons and beauty parlours to open with strict social distancing guidelines and wearing protective gear is a must.In containment areas the same rule may prevail in Lockdown 5.0.

 

The Human Resource Development Ministry of India will soon announce the guidelines of   schools reopening.

Single Day COVID-19 7,400 Cases 
The Tally in Mumbai Crosses 35,000 Mark 

COVID:19:  Total Cases: 165,799 Total Deaths: 4,711: JHU

Limited Lockdown 5.0 is on the Card for 2 weeks with stringent measures in 11 cities (Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Pune, Thane, Jaipur, Surat and Indore) is on the Card.Metro Rail,Shopping malls may be open: Reports 

India's Most Affected States:

Maharashtra: Total Positive Cases:59,546 Total Deaths: 1,982

Gujarat: Total Positive Cases: 15,572 Total Deaths: 960

Madhya Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 7,261 Total Deaths: 333

West Bengal: Total Positive Cases: 4,536 Total Deaths: 295

Delhi: Total Positive Cases: 16,281 Total Deaths: 316

Rajasthan: Total Positive Cases: 8,067 Total Deaths: 179

Uttar Pradesh: Total Positive  Cases: 6,991 Total Deaths: 182

Tamil Nadu : Total Positive Cases: 19,372  Total Deaths: 145

Andhra Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 3171 Total Deaths: 58

Telengana: Total Positive Cases: 2,098 Total Deaths: 63

Karnataka: Total Positive Cases: 2,533 Total Deaths: 47

Punjab: Total Positive Cases: 2,158 Total Deaths: 40

Jammu and Kashmir: 2036 Total Deaths: 26

How to identify Fake News or Messeges on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Don't rely on viral social media messages such as Coronavirus Infected Indian Currencies of Rs.500 and Rs.2,000 Notes Found, Muslim Man Spit in Food At Indian Restaurant.....Always Check Authentic Sources.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they are developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

 

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+919073399779

COVID-19 Related Conspiracy Theories:
https://fsi.stanford.edu/news/china-covid19

 

 

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