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Indonesian Migrant Workers Remain Vulnerable, Activists Say  

Amanda Siddharta

Despite a new law and efforts by the government in Jakarta, activists say hundreds of thousands of workers are still vulnerable to abuse overseas.

Screen Capture of an Article Apperaed in Jakarta Post Depcting the Plight of Indonesian Immegrant Workers in Saudi Arabia

In 2018, Indonesia sent more than 200,000 workers to places such as Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan and Hong Kong.

The Indonesian National Agency for the Protection and Placement of Migrant Workers (BNP2TKI) says there are about 4.5 million Indonesian migrant workers. The majority are in the domestic sector and 70 percent of them are women.

High-profile cases 

There have been numerous reports over the years of Indonesian migrant workers suffering from abusive conditions overseas, and two recent cases have created an uproar.

Last month, Tuti Tursilawati was executed in Saudi Arabia after killing her employer for allegedly abusing her. In February, Adelina Lisao died after Malaysian authorities found her in critical condition in her employer’s house. She was malnourished, with evidence of abuse on her body.

As of September 2018, BNP2TKI had received 18 complaints of physical or sexual violence by employers. Last year, there were 55 complaints.

Anis Hidayah, the head of migration research at Migrant Care, a nonprofit organization advocating for the rights of migrant workers, said many workers are in vulnerable position.

Preparation issues 

Hidayah said there is not enough preparation for the workers before they leave.

“Pre-departure protection which includes education and preparation are crucial and might determine their fate while they work,” she said. She said workers should be educated about where to go and what to do should anything unwanted happen to them.

But Nusron Wahid, the head of BNP2TKI, disputed the claim and said the government provides migrant workers with the necessary information before they go overseas.

“We start with preparation to build the workers’ capacity so they are more capable and they will have a full understanding of what kind of job and the risks that they may face,” he told VOA. At the agency, pre-departure preparation takes up to one month, from administration to briefing to capacity building.

Last year, the government issued an updated law on protection of Indonesian migrant workers, which states three conditions that a receiving country must meet. First, the country must have a law that protects foreign workers. Second, there needs to be a written agreement with the Indonesian government. And third, there must be a social security or insurance system that covers migrant workers.

The law also brings Indonesia under the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.

New process

Hidayahsaid the new regulation could reduce migrant worker vulnerability if fully implemented, “but the fact that the new law is more advanced than the previous law, that is still on paper.” Implementation, shesaid,“is an entirely different thing.”

Hidayahsaid there will be atwo-yeartransition period as the new law is implemented, to allow technical regulations and policies to be set up. She explained that Indonesian regional governments must also prepare themselves, because the government in each regency, province or village can help in ensuring the protection of migrant workers.

Wahid said representatives of the Indonesian government, at embassies or consulatesin receiving countries, are easily contacted in case any migrant workers want to lodge a complaint. “Twenty-four hours [a day], they can text or call,” he said.

But he admitted that in a country such as Saudi Arabia, the migrant workers cannot initiate communication with government representatives as easily because of the culture. “Especially a female worker there, they mostly stay at home and have to be reclusive,” he added.

Things are different in countries like Singapore, Hong Kong or Taiwan, where local laws and policies are more accommodating for migrant workers. “There they get one day off, then the workers can gather at a park or a station,” he explained.

Wahid said the government is devising a one-channel system so that a migrant worker will not be tied to a contract with an individual employer, but with a company, through an outsourcing model. “Now when we have 100cases,we are dealing with 100 people,” he said.

With the new model, the company or agent must take full responsibility if anything happens to the workers.,(Source: VOA NEWS)

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India News Brief

 5 June, 2020

38 News Cases of COVID-19 Cases in Assam

Uttarakhand Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat Tests Negative for COVID-19

Bihar Reports 99 Fresh COVID-19 Cases

India Recorded 9,851 Cases  and 260 Deaths on 4 June
India's COVID-19 Figure Reaches 227,029 Death Toll: 6,363

Standard Operating Procedures issued by the Indian Health Ministry 

Places of worship, hotels will open from June 8 with specific guidelines

Restaurant and food courts in malls to operate at 50 per cent seating capacity with a mandatory distance of six feet between tables. No common prayer mats, physical offerings like prasad, or sprinkling of holy water, in places of worship. Age and health-based restrictions on stepping out of home. Masks to be mandatory, and the Aarogya Setu app 'recommended' for all.

Use of masks, thermal screening, social distancing and sanitisation, the guidelines  require people above 65 years of age, specially  people with comorbidities, pregnant woman, and children below the age of 10 years, to stay at home. Masks are mandatory at all times, including inside restaurants

India's Most Affected States:

Maharashtra: Total Positive Cases  77,793 Total Deaths: 2,710

Gujarat: Total Positive Cases: 18,584 Total Deaths: 1,155

Madhya Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 8,762 Total Deaths: 377

West Bengal: Total Positive Cases: 6,876 Total Deaths: 355

Delhi: Total Positive Cases: 25,004  Total Deaths: 650

Rajasthan: Total Positive Cases: 9,930 Total Deaths: 213

Uttar Pradesh: Total Positive  Cases: 9,237 Total Deaths: 245

Tamil Nadu : Total Positive Cases: 27,256 Total Deaths: 220

Andhra Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 4,223 Total Deaths: 71

Telengana: Total Positive Cases: 3,0147 Total Deaths: 105

Karnataka: Total Positive Cases: 4,320 Total Deaths: 57

Punjab: Total Positive Cases: 2,415 Total Deaths: 47

Jammu and Kashmir: 3,142 Total Deaths: 35

Lockdown extends till June 30

  • International air travel, Metro rail services not allowed 

Cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places; and, social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious functions/ and other large congregations will not allowed..

According to MHA guidelines, in Phase II, schools, colleges, educational/ training/ coaching institutions etc., will be opened after consultations with States and Union Territories.

There shall be no restriction on inter-State and intra-State movement of persons and goods. No separate permission or approval or e-permit will be required for such movement

But  states have the freedom to decide on public movement.

COVID-19: Delhi Death Toll Rises to 82 in Last 24 Hours

Probable Guidelines for Lockdown 5.0.

More travel routes are likely to open in Lockdown 5.0.

From June 1, the Railways will operate 100 pairs of mail or express trains, bookings have already begun. Then AC class services will resume.

Some states have already begun intra-state buses. Other states may  begin intra-tate bus services after June 1.Metro  services may begin in a limited manner, with lesser passenger capacity, social distancing norms and longer stops at each station.

Shops selling non-essential items were allowed to open during Lockdown 4.0.. More shops may open in Lockdown 5.0 even in markets.But no confirmed news regarding opening of shopping malls.Now many shops that have re-opened in market areas are operating on an odd-even basis.

Some cities have already allowed salons and beauty parlours to open with strict social distancing guidelines and wearing protective gear is a must.In containment areas the same rule may prevail in Lockdown 5.0.

The Human Resource Development Ministry of India will soon announce the guidelines of   schools reopening.

How to identify Fake News or Messeges on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Don't rely on viral social media messages such as Coronavirus Infected Indian Currencies of Rs.500 and Rs.2,000 Notes Found, Muslim Man Spit in Food At Indian Restaurant.....Always Check Authentic Sources.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they are developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

 

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+919073399779

COVID-19 Related Conspiracy Theories:
https://fsi.stanford.edu/news/china-covid19

 

 

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