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  • COVID-19 Worldwide Update:Total Confirmed Cases:31,467,508 Total Deaths:967,881:JHU
  • US COVID-19 Death Toll Passes 200,000
  • Palestine Quits Arab League Chairmanship in Protest Over Israel Deals
  • Saudi Arabia to Lift Ban on Umrah Pilgrimage After Seven Months
  • COVID-19: Importance of Wearing Mask: Surgical Masks May Help Prevent Infected People from Making Others Sick with Seasonal Viruses, including COVID-19: Experts
  • COVID-19 Origin: According to Studies COVID-19 Pandemic Has a Natural Origin: No Evidence So Far that the Virus Was Made in a Laboratory
  • COVID-19 Facts: On 31 December,2019, Chinese Authorities Alarted WHO of an Outbreak of Novel Strain of COVID-19 in Wuhan Province Causing Severe Illness Later Named SARS-COVID-2
  • COVID-19 Facts: Studies Show Hydroxychloroquine or Chloroquine Drugs Does Not Reduce Death of COVID-19 Patients Who Are Admitted to Hospitals
  • COVID-19 Facts: People of All Ages Can be Effected by COVID-19 Viruses
  • COVID-19 Facts: Over 169 COVID-19 Vaccines Under Development, 26 of Them Are in Human Trial Phase : Russian COVID-19 Vaccine May be Released for Public This Week
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Jaguar Poaching Driven by Chinese Demand for Teeth and Parts

The poaching of big cats in South America is being driven by a growing demand for jaguar parts in China, according to both expert and official sources.

A new study published in early June by the journal Conservation Biology has analyzed data from Central and South America showing that seizures of jaguar parts has increased throughout the region.

The jaguars’ range stretches from the southwestern United States and Mexico across most of Central America and south from there to Paraguay and northern Argentina.

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF), based in Washington D.C., says that the largest cat living in the Americas today is threatened by illegal hunting, deforestation, and the loss of wild prey.

“Jaguars require large areas of tropical rain forest and stretches of riverbank to survive,” says the WWF.

But poaching of the big cats is rising and the new study links their losses to local corruption in Central and South America as well as to a growing demand for jaguar parts from China and to a lesser degree demand from other Asian countries.

In 2017, the discovery of beheaded jaguars and ocelots and almost 200 jaguar canines in Belize before their shipment to China and the seizure of nearly 120 jaguar canines in China by customs officials raised awareness of the issue.

Belize is a former British colony located in Central America between Mexico and Guatemala.

Tigers and jaguars both in demand

Tiger parts have become popular among China’s growing urban middle class in recent years. They’re valued for their bones and for their use in traditional Chinese medicine, although no scientific evidence exists to show that they provide health benefits.

Tigers have also been valued for their meat and for the use of their teeth in jewelry while also providing a kind of social status to a growing Chinese middle class.

Some Chinese men are reported to believe, without scientific evidence, that tiger bones when pulverized into a powder and taken in a drink or in soup, sometimes called a “bone tonic,” can enhance their sexual performance.

But this “tiger consumption” has helped to reduce the size of Asia’s tiger population, which is currently estimated by some to number fewer than 3,000, with almost all of them now concentrated in India. In some Asian countries where they traditionally roamed, such as Vietnam, tigers are close to extinction.

This may help to explain the current fascination with jaguars.

The new study suggests that the growing scarcity of tiger parts has raised their price to a level where Chinese and other Asian consumers will accept a potentially cheaper substitute which can be provided by other big cats, such as jaguars.

As Rachel Bale of the National Geographic magazine explains, “As tigers grow increasingly rare, traffickers often substitute jaguar or other big cat teeth for tiger teeth.”

Bolivia in the spotlight

Bolivia is currently a favorite hunting ground for jaguar hunters and traffickers. Although hunting jaguars in Bolivia has long been illegal, authorities seized roughly 800 jaguar teeth from traffickers there between 2014 and 2016.

In a few cases these seizures included Jaguar claws as well as bones and a skull.

The study conducted by Conservation Biologyconcluded that source countries for the export of jaguar parts were countries with relatively high levels of corruption and Chinese private investment as well as low income per capita.

“Poverty and high levels of corruption in the source countries may motivate local people to engage in illegal activities and contribute to the growth of the jaguar trade,” the study concludes.

The study says that Brazil had the most reports of jaguar trading, followed by Bolivia, Columbia, Peru, and Suriname, which is a former Dutch colony located on the northern coast of South America.

But the number of Chinese residents in Central and South America was not significantly related to the number of jaguars seized, the study said.

The study’s authors say that they don’t mean to imply that the Chinese government is involved in jaguar trafficking. But it’s clear that the Chinese government is aware of the problem. As mentioned earlier, in a number of cases, its customs agents have seized jaguar shipments destined for China.

Meanwhile, the environmental website Mongabay published a report in early 2018 that summed up well the challenges that Bolivia faces when it comes to controlling the jaguar trade.

The article was the result of on-site reporting supported by Mongabay Latam and the Bolivian newspaper El Deber, or Duty.

In the report titled “Fang traffic to China is putting Bolivia’s jaguars in jeopardy,” the writer Roberto Navia makes several important points:

       Residents in Bolivia’s Sena community say that they can sell jaguar canines for as much as $215 each. Sena is a town located in northern Bolivia.

Bolivian officials say that fangs are valued in the Asian market at prices as high as the prices charged for cocaine, for which Bolivia has been a major source.

       Residents say that an influx of Chinese companies which are building roads and bridges in Bolivia is contributing to the increased trafficking in jaguar parts. But Bolivian authorities deny that this is true.

       In some Chinese markets in Bolivia, jaguar testicles have been sold at a price equal to the price for gold. The testicles are said, without evidence, to cure various diseases and increase men’s sexual performance.

       One official says that a combination of four jaguar fangs, 10 claws, jaguar fur, and genitals can fetch between $2,000 to $3,000 in China.

       Some smugglers send their jaguar “products” through the Bolivian postal service. Jaguar fangs can be disguised as key chains or packed in boxes of chocolates.

       For all of Bolivia’s more than 424,000 square miles, only 50 police officers have been charged with protecting wildlife.

But Teresa Perez Chavez, Bolivia’s director of biodiversity and protected areas, is leading a battle against traffickers. She ordered a raid on a Chinese citizen in a tourist town to gather evidence of trafficking. The bad news is that judges and prosecutors made much of the evidence disappear, according to Mongabay.

The good news is that a number of volunteers and organizations around the world are working to restrict such wildlife trading.

One example: A new Canadian-based website titled erangerlabs.com will soon launch a program whereby participants can adopt a threatened animal online.

Erangerlabs will also contribute to the debate over Chinese involvement in the jaguar trade next week by providing as yet unpublished research showing that a major Chinese e-commerce platform has been advertising jaguar teeth jewelry online.

Dan Southerland is RFA’s founding executive editor.

Copyright © 1998-2020, RFA. Used with the permission of Radio Free Asia, 2025 M St. NW, Suite 300, Washington DC 20036. https://www.rfa.org

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India News Brief

23 September 2020

COVID-19 Total Cases:5,562,663  Deaths: 88,935

COVID-19 At a Glance 

The new guidelines issued by the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on 29 August

Metro rail will be allowed to operate with effect from 7thSeptember 2020 in a graded manner, by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MOHUA)/ Ministry of Railways (MOR), in consultation with MHA. In this regard, Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) will be issued by MOHUA.

Social/ academic/ sports/ entertainment/ cultural/ religious/ political functions and other congregations will be permitted with a ceiling of 101 persons, with effect from 21st September 2020. However, such limited gatherings can be held with mandatory wearing of face masks, social distancing, provision for thermal scanning and hand wash or sanitizer.Open air theatres will be permitted to open with effect from 21stSeptember 2020.

Schools, colleges, educational and coaching institutions will continue to remain closed for students and regular class activity up to 30 September.
Online/distance learning shall continue to be permitted and shall be encouraged. However, following will be permitted, in areas outside the Containment Zones only, with effect from 21stSeptember 2020 for which, SOP will be issued by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW):

Cinema halls, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres (excluding open air theatre) and similar places remain closed.

According to MHA directive, lockdown shall continue to be implemented strictly in the Containment Zones till 30th September, 2020.

COVID-19: Highlights 

Religious Places Visit: No Touching of Deity, No Sparkling of Holy Water No Prasada in Temples Wearing Mask Thermal Screening is a must 

Shopping Malls Visit: Elderly People With 65 Years of Age and Children Below 10 Years Are Advised to Stay at Home.

Restaurant and food courts in malls to operate at 50 per cent seating capacity with a mandatory distance of six feet between tables. No common prayer mats, physical offerings like prasad, or sprinkling of holy water, in places of worship. Age and health-based restrictions on stepping out of home. Masks to be mandatory, and the Aarogya Setu app 'recommended' for all.

Use of masks, thermal screening, social distancing and sanitisation, the guidelines  require people above 65 years of age, specially  people with comorbidities, pregnant woman, and children below the age of 10 years, to stay at home. Masks are mandatory at all times, including inside restaurants

Standard Operating Procedures issued by the Indian Health Ministry 

  • International air travel, Metro rail services not allowed 

Cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places; and, social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious functions/ and other large congregations will not allowed..

According to MHA guidelines, in Phase II, schools, colleges, educational/ training/ coaching institutions etc., will be opened after consultations with States and Union Territories.

There shall be no restriction on inter-State and intra-State movement of persons and goods. No separate permission or approval or e-permit will be required for such movement

But  states have the freedom to decide on public movement.

How to identify Fake News or Messeges on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Don't rely on viral social media messages such as Coronavirus Infected Indian Currencies of Rs.500 and Rs.2,000 Notes Found, Muslim Man Spit in Food At Indian Restaurant.....Always Check Authentic Sources.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they a.re developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+919073399779

COVID-19 Related Conspiracy Theories:
https://fsi.stanford.edu/news/china-covid19

 

 

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