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  • COVID-19 Origin: According to Studies COVID-19 Pandemic Has a Natural Origin: No Evidence So Far that the Virus Was Made in a Laboratory
  • COVID-19 Facts: On 31 December,2019, Chinese Authorities Alarted WHO of an Outbreak of Novel Strain of COVID-19 in Wuhan Province Causing Severe Illness Later Named SARS-COVID-2
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Jailed Reuters Reporters File Appeal With Myanmar’s Top Court as Government Dismisses Press Freedom Critics

Lawyers for two Reuters reporters serving seven-year jail terms for possessing classified government documents filed an appeal on Friday with the Supreme Court in Naypyidaw to have the convictions overturned, while an international rights group issued a damning report on government use of repressive laws against journalists and critics.

Khin Maung Zaw, one of the two attorneys who submitted the appeal, said the court will make a decision on whether to accept the case within days.

The court procedure requires the defense team to file arguments once the court accepts the case, he said.

“We’re hopeful for positive results because this is the Supreme Court, and I think it will thoroughly review the case,” he said.

Reporters Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo were arrested in December 2017 while pursuing a story about the massacre of 10 Rohingya Muslims in Inn Din Village in northern Rakhine State during a brutal military crackdown.

A Yangon court sentenced them to seven years in jail in September 2018 for violations of the Official Secrets Act.

The Yangon Regional High Court in January rejected an appeal filed by their attorneys, saying the defense team had failed to provide sufficient evidence of their innocence.

The case has drawn widespread criticism from press freedom and human rights groups, which contend that the pair was framed by police officials and convicted on bogus charges.

Police witness freed

Meanwhile, a former police officer who testified as a witness for the prosecution in the case and told the court that the two reporters had been set up, was released from jail on Friday after serving a one-year-sentence for violating police discipline.

Police Captain Moe Yan Naing was arrested in December 2017 after being identified as one of two policemen involved in the case who were detained on charges of violating the British colonial-era Official Secrets Act and the Police Disciplinary Act.

During the Reuters reporters’ pretrial hearing, he told the court that Police Chief Brigadier General Tin Ko Ko had ordered him to entrap the journalists by giving them documents related to the crackdown on the Rohingya in Rakhine state.

Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo had been arrested following a dinner meeting with officers who handed them the papers.

The whistleblower was sentenced to a year in Yangon’s Insein Prison under the Police Discipline Act for handing classified information to the reporters, and authorities ordered his wife and three children to move out of a police housing complex.

After his release from jail, Moe Yan Naing thanked all his supporters and called for legal reform.

“I have never violated any police discipline throughout my police career,” he said. “But the Police Disciplinary Law that I was accused of violating is not up to a required standard, and it causes a lot of suffering for members of the police force.”

“In my view, this kind of law must definitely be amended as the nation is headed towards a democratic system,” he said.

Ruling party blasts HRW report

Human Rights Watch (HRW), one of the international rights groups that has called for the release of the Reuters journalists, issued a report on Friday indicating that assaults on freedom of expression and assembly in Myanmar have increased significantly under the civilian National League for Democracy (NLD) government which came to power in 2016.

Reporters Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo were arrested in December 2017 while pursuing a story about the massacre of 10 Rohingya Muslims in Inn Din Village in northern Rakhine State during a brutal military crackdown

The decline in freedom of the press during the NLD’s term has been “particularly striking” with authorities arresting journalists under various laws, including the Telecommunications Act, the Unlawful Associations Act, and the Official Secrets Act, HRW said.

At least 43 journalists had been arrested under the current government as of Sept. 30, 2018, according to Athan, a domestic organization that advocates freedom of expression in Myanmar.

“[State Counselor] Aung San Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy promised a new Myanmar, but the government still prosecutes peaceful speech and protests and has failed to revise old oppressive laws,” said Linda Lakhdir, HRW’s Asia legal advisor and author of the report, in a statement issued Thursday.

NLD spokesman Myo Myunt blasted HRW’s report.

“This is how just they see [our NLD government], he said.

“We disagree on their point that media freedom is getting worse,” he said. “Today is an age when there is more freedom for people so that they don’t need to be afraid of government officials and members of parliament. And so, they can now criticize them more freely.”

But because people exercise criticisms of officials without restraint, lawmakers have brought lawsuits against them, as is their right, Myo Myunt said.

“We have told our MPs to talk with people as much as possible instead of filing lawsuits,” he said.

Myint Kyaw, joint secretary of Myanmar Press Council, disagreed.

“In my opinion, the judicial system hasn’t granted freedom to media people during the last two and a half years, and judges have used strong charges against them,” he said.

Officials are charging journalists under Section 505(b) under Myanmar’s Penal Code and Section 66(d) of the Telecommunications Act, though they should be using the country’s Media Law to pursue complaints, especially for journalists who write about issues related to the government or the military, Myint Kyaw said.

Section 505(b) of the Penal Code criminalizes the circulation of statements and reports with the intent to cause fear or alarm in the public. Violators face a maximum penalty of two years in prison.

Section 66(d) of the Telecommunications Act prohibits use of the telecom network to defame people and carries a jail sentence of up to three years and a fine.

In the past year, there have been 53 cases filed under Article 66(d) and 31 cases filed under Section 505, Myint Kyaw said. 

[Reported by Htet Arkar and Thant Oo for RFA’s Myanmar Service. Translated by Nandar Chann and Khet Mar. Written in English by Roseanne Gerin.]

Copyright © 1998-2016, RFA. Used with the permission of Radio Free Asia, 2025 M St. NW, Suite 300, Washington DC 20036


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India News Brief

18 September 2020

COVID-19 Cases:5,118,2553  Deaths: 83,198

COVID-19 At a Glance 

The new guidelines issued by the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on 29 August

Metro rail will be allowed to operate with effect from 7thSeptember 2020 in a graded manner, by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MOHUA)/ Ministry of Railways (MOR), in consultation with MHA. In this regard, Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) will be issued by MOHUA.

Social/ academic/ sports/ entertainment/ cultural/ religious/ political functions and other congregations will be permitted with a ceiling of 101 persons, with effect from 21st September 2020. However, such limited gatherings can be held with mandatory wearing of face masks, social distancing, provision for thermal scanning and hand wash or sanitizer.Open air theatres will be permitted to open with effect from 21stSeptember 2020.

Schools, colleges, educational and coaching institutions will continue to remain closed for students and regular class activity up to 30 September.
Online/distance learning shall continue to be permitted and shall be encouraged. However, following will be permitted, in areas outside the Containment Zones only, with effect from 21stSeptember 2020 for which, SOP will be issued by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW):

Cinema halls, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres (excluding open air theatre) and similar places remain closed.

According to MHA directive, lockdown shall continue to be implemented strictly in the Containment Zones till 30th September, 2020.

COVID-19: Highlights 

Religious Places Visit: No Touching of Deity, No Sparkling of Holy Water No Prasada in Temples Wearing Mask Thermal Screening is a must 

Shopping Malls Visit: Elderly People With 65 Years of Age and Children Below 10 Years Are Advised to Stay at Home.

Restaurant and food courts in malls to operate at 50 per cent seating capacity with a mandatory distance of six feet between tables. No common prayer mats, physical offerings like prasad, or sprinkling of holy water, in places of worship. Age and health-based restrictions on stepping out of home. Masks to be mandatory, and the Aarogya Setu app 'recommended' for all.

Use of masks, thermal screening, social distancing and sanitisation, the guidelines  require people above 65 years of age, specially  people with comorbidities, pregnant woman, and children below the age of 10 years, to stay at home. Masks are mandatory at all times, including inside restaurants

Standard Operating Procedures issued by the Indian Health Ministry 

  • International air travel, Metro rail services not allowed 

Cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places; and, social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious functions/ and other large congregations will not allowed..

According to MHA guidelines, in Phase II, schools, colleges, educational/ training/ coaching institutions etc., will be opened after consultations with States and Union Territories.

There shall be no restriction on inter-State and intra-State movement of persons and goods. No separate permission or approval or e-permit will be required for such movement

But  states have the freedom to decide on public movement.

How to identify Fake News or Messeges on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition

Follow WHO guidelines


When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Don't rely on viral social media messages such as Coronavirus Infected Indian Currencies of Rs.500 and Rs.2,000 Notes Found, Muslim Man Spit in Food At Indian Restaurant.....Always Check Authentic Sources.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.












The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they a.re developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+919073399779

COVID-19 Related Conspiracy Theories:



Our COVID-19 Stories

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