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Mixed Reactions to Pakistani Cleric’s Death

 

Madeeha Anwar

Reactions are mixed in Pakistan Monday over the assassination of Maulana Sami-ul-Haq, a top Pakistani Islamic cleric, regarded as the “Taliban’s Father” because of his influence over insurgents in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Family members confirmed that Haq was resting at his home Friday in Rawalpindi when he was killed with a knife.

The slain leader’s son, Maulana Hamid-ul Haq, told local media that his father’s security guard had gone to a nearby market when the attack occurred.

No one has claimed responsibility for the attack, but authorities are investigating the incident.

Hamid Mir, a Pakistani journalist with knowledge of the Taliban, believes Haq’s assassination is political.

“Sami-ul-Haq’s assassins want to not only destabilize Pakistan, but the whole region. Top Afghan officials had recently contacted Maulana to play a role to bring the Taliban to the peace table,” Mir told VOA. “Maulana had always helped them, and this time, as well. He promised to play a role of mediating peace talks between the Afghan government and the Afghan Taliban.”

Peace talks 

Last month, Afghan officials met Maulana Sami-ul-Haq in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and urged him to use his influence over the Afghan Taliban to convince them to hold talks with the government.

Haq had agreed to be a mediator, and also indicated that he was willing to host the Afghan peace talks if called upon.

Rahim Ullah Yousafzai, a Pakistani journalist who has written extensively on Afghanistan and the Taliban, downplayed Haq’s influence over the Taliban.

“The Afghan Taliban have a different narrative. They say the Taliban movement was initiated by Mullah Omar from Kandahar province in Afghanistan. Afghan Taliban regard Sami-ul-Haq as a teacher, but they do not necessarily agree with Haq’s ideology,” Yousafzai said.

Belqis Roshan, an Afghan senator, also downplayed the impact of Haq’s death on the Afghan peace talks, but for a different reason.

“Sami-ul-Haq’s death cannot affect the Afghan peace process in anyway, as somebody else will take his place,” Roshan told VOA. “It’s just like the Taliban, after Mullah Omer’s death, Akhtar Mansoor took the lead. And after him, Hibatullah did,” she said.

Afghanistan’s High Peace Council (CPH), a government body tasked with talking to the insurgents, declined to comment.

Sayed Ehsan Taheri, a spokesperson for the HPC, told VOA earlier this year that invitations were extended to key Pakistani religious scholars, including Haq, when Afghanistan was preparing to convene a trilateral conference in Indonesia, where religious scholars from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Indonesia took part.

“We are hoping that Pakistan religious scholars like Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman and Maulana Sami-ul-Haq, who see the war in Afghanistan as a legitimate jihad (holy war), would participate in the conference,” Taheri told VOA in April.

Jihad in Afghanistan

Mohammad Nadir Memar, a political analyst from eastern Afghanistan, believes Haq was a staunch supporter of jihad in Afghanistan, and that his followers will stick to his ideology.

“Unfortunately, his party still sees the Taliban war in Afghanistan as a legitimate jihad, and its members would keep the momentum of this so-called jihad going,” Memar said.

Tahir Ashrafi, president of All Pakistan Ulema Council, said Haq’s death would further intensify the war in neighboring Afghanistan. “If anyone thinks that jihad in Afghanistan will end with the death of Maulana Sami-ul-Haq, he is mistaken,” Ashrafi told the Pakistani Neo TV channel over the weekend. “The assassination of Haq will further intensify the war to an extent that no efforts can stop it.”

Who was Sami-ul-Haq?

Sami-ul-Haq, 81, was head of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI), an Islamist party that supports the Taliban in Afghanistan.

He had remained active in Pakistan’s politics since the 1980s. Haq was twice elected to the Senate, the upper house of Pakistan’s parliament.

The slain Islamist leader was the head of Darul-Uloom Haqqania, a religious seminary in northwest Pakistan that educated most of the Taliban leaders, including Mullah Omar, the founder of the Taliban movement. Other Taliban leaders, including Mullah Akhtar Mansoor, Siraj ud Din Haqqani and Jalal ud Din Haqqani, also graduated from Haq’s religious school, dubbed the University of Jihad, in the region.

Haq was known to be a key supporter of the Afghan Taliban’s fight against the U.S.-backed Afghan government and NATO forces in neighboring Afghanistan.

The Taliban denounced Haq’s killing, declaring it a “great loss for the Islamic world.”

“He supported the oppressed Afghan nation during the Soviet invasion and American occupation of the country through his unforgettable services,” the group said in a statement following Haq’s assassination.

VOA’s Urdu service, Ayaz Gul and Mohammad Habibzada contributed to this story.Source: VOA NEWS

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India News Brief

 5 June, 2020

Karnataka Reports 515 New Cases in One Day

38 News Cases of COVID-19 Cases in Assam

Uttarakhand Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat Tests Negative for COVID-19

Bihar Reports 99 Fresh COVID-19 Cases

India Recorded 9,851 Cases  and 260 Deaths on 4 June
India's COVID-19 Figure Reaches 227,273 Death Toll: 6,367

Standard Operating Procedures issued by the Indian Health Ministry 

Places of worship, hotels will open from June 8 with specific guidelines

Restaurant and food courts in malls to operate at 50 per cent seating capacity with a mandatory distance of six feet between tables. No common prayer mats, physical offerings like prasad, or sprinkling of holy water, in places of worship. Age and health-based restrictions on stepping out of home. Masks to be mandatory, and the Aarogya Setu app 'recommended' for all.

Use of masks, thermal screening, social distancing and sanitisation, the guidelines  require people above 65 years of age, specially  people with comorbidities, pregnant woman, and children below the age of 10 years, to stay at home. Masks are mandatory at all times, including inside restaurants

India's Most Affected States:

Maharashtra: Total Positive Cases  77,793 Total Deaths: 2,710

Gujarat: Total Positive Cases: 18,584 Total Deaths: 1,155

Madhya Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 8,762 Total Deaths: 377

West Bengal: Total Positive Cases: 6,876 Total Deaths: 355

Delhi: Total Positive Cases: 25,004  Total Deaths: 650

Rajasthan: Total Positive Cases: 9,930 Total Deaths: 213

Uttar Pradesh: Total Positive  Cases: 9,237 Total Deaths: 245

Tamil Nadu : Total Positive Cases: 27,256 Total Deaths: 220

Andhra Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 4,223 Total Deaths: 71

Telengana: Total Positive Cases: 3,0147 Total Deaths: 105

Karnataka: Total Positive Cases: 4,320 Total Deaths: 57

Punjab: Total Positive Cases: 2,415 Total Deaths: 47

Jammu and Kashmir: 3,142 Total Deaths: 35

Lockdown extends till June 30

  • International air travel, Metro rail services not allowed 

Cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places; and, social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious functions/ and other large congregations will not allowed..

According to MHA guidelines, in Phase II, schools, colleges, educational/ training/ coaching institutions etc., will be opened after consultations with States and Union Territories.

There shall be no restriction on inter-State and intra-State movement of persons and goods. No separate permission or approval or e-permit will be required for such movement

But  states have the freedom to decide on public movement.

COVID-19: Delhi Death Toll Rises to 82 in Last 24 Hours

Probable Guidelines for Lockdown 5.0.

More travel routes are likely to open in Lockdown 5.0.

From June 1, the Railways will operate 100 pairs of mail or express trains, bookings have already begun. Then AC class services will resume.

Some states have already begun intra-state buses. Other states may  begin intra-tate bus services after June 1.Metro  services may begin in a limited manner, with lesser passenger capacity, social distancing norms and longer stops at each station.

Shops selling non-essential items were allowed to open during Lockdown 4.0.. More shops may open in Lockdown 5.0 even in markets.But no confirmed news regarding opening of shopping malls.Now many shops that have re-opened in market areas are operating on an odd-even basis.

Some cities have already allowed salons and beauty parlours to open with strict social distancing guidelines and wearing protective gear is a must.In containment areas the same rule may prevail in Lockdown 5.0.

The Human Resource Development Ministry of India will soon announce the guidelines of   schools reopening.

How to identify Fake News or Messeges on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Don't rely on viral social media messages such as Coronavirus Infected Indian Currencies of Rs.500 and Rs.2,000 Notes Found, Muslim Man Spit in Food At Indian Restaurant.....Always Check Authentic Sources.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they are developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

 

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+919073399779

COVID-19 Related Conspiracy Theories:
https://fsi.stanford.edu/news/china-covid19

 

 

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