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Students, Teachers Avoid Cameroon Border Schools 5 Years after Chibok Kidnappings

Moki Edwin Kindzeka

This week marks five years since Boko Haram militants kidnapped hundreds of Nigerian schoolgirls from the village of Chibok. The kidnappings spread fear across the border in Cameroon, where hundreds of schools closed. Authorities have since ordered schools to reopen, but many students and teachers refuse to return.

In an effort to convince parents that Boko Haram is almost defeated and the schools are safe, Cameroon’s Ministry of Basic Education invited families to a government primary school in Achigachia on Cameroon’s northern border with Nigeria.

The ministry’s delegation head, Gilbert Wanyou, says security measures have been taken to protect schools. 

“You do not get into the school without a thorough search,” he said. “We must identify you to know who is in the school. Inside the campus, we do not bring the students together as we used to do in the yesteryears for morning assembly and so on and so forth.” .

Boko Haram’s abduction five years ago of 276 schoolgirls in Nigeria’s Chibok, in addition to local attacks and school burnings, caused many parents in Cameroon to pull their children from schools.

  The Achigachia school had 3,000 children in 2014, but that number dropped to 400.

  Seventeen-year-old Ali Mamouda says he will never return there to study.  Boko Haram kidnapped him from school four years ago. He was held captive for two years before Cameroon’s military freed him.

Mamouda says he will never go back to the school because he is a living witness of Boko Haram brutality, simply because he defied their demand to stop going to school. He says he is not sure anyone is safe at the border school, and he does not wish his friends to be victims of Boko Haram by attending classes there.

Teacher Etienne Mainimo was transferred to a border school, but says he decided to remain in a safer area after Boko Haram fighters killed his peers. 

He laments that kids are being deprived of an education.

“If nothing is done, I want to tell you that the future of the children who are the leaders of tomorrow is in great danger because very few of them [are] going to school,” Mainimo said.

The government of Cameroon says it needs to construct at least 7,000 classrooms to replace those torched by Boko Haram. 

The governor of Cameroon’s Far North Region, Midjiyawa Bakari, says hundreds of teachers and staff refuse to return to work.

Bakari has documented the names of about 1,000 staff who have been absent for two to three years, but are still receiving salaries, he says, adding that he will forward those names to the ministers of public service and finance for sanctions. 

Bakari says he is calling on parents to secure their children’s future by making sure they go to school. However, parents fear Boko Haram supporters are still operating in the area. 

Boko Haram extended its attacks from Nigeria to Cameroon in 2013, after Cameroonian troops began assisting the Nigerian military in fighting the extremists.

Cameroon estimates more than 1,500 of its citizens have been killed in the fight against Boko Haram, and more than 45,000 students displaced in northern areas.


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India News Brief

4 July, 2020

22,771 COVID-19 Cases and 442 Deaths in the Last 24 Hours
Delhi's Jama Masjid Reopens for Public Amid Tight Social Distancing Norms

Total COVID Cases: 648,318 Death Toll: 18,655

India's Most Affected States:

Maharashtra: Total Positive Cases: 186,626 Total Deaths: 8,178

Gujarat: Total Positive Cases: 33,999  Total Deaths: 1,888

Madhya Pradesh: Total  Positive Cases: 14,106 Total Deaths: 589

West Bengal: Total Positive Cases: 19,819 Total Deaths: 699

Delhi: Total Positive Cases: 92,175 Total Deaths: 2,864

Rajasthan: Total Positive Cases: 18,662 Total Deaths: 430

Uttar Pradesh: Total Positive  Cases: 24,825 Total Deaths: 735

Tamil Nadu : Total Positive Cases: 98,392 Total Deaths: 1,321

Andhra Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 16,097 Total Deaths: 198

Telengana: Total Positive Cases:17,357 Total Deaths: 267

Karnataka: Total Positive Cases: 18,016 Total Deaths: 272

Punjab: Total Positive Cases: 5,784 .Total Deaths: 149

Jammu and Kashmir: 7,849 Total Deaths: 115

The West Bengal Government Allows 50 People at Marriage Functions and Funerals during the current phase of COVID-19 Lockdown from 1 July to 31 July.
According to Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee, morning walks will be allowed from 5.30 a.m to 8.30 a.m provided social distancing and other norms.
The new guidelines issued by the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on 30 June: Schools, colleges, educational institutions, cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars, auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places, and even metro services will continue to remain shut until July 31

India Reports 18,522 New Cases and 418 Deaths in 24 Hours 

COVID-19: Highlights 

Schools May Reopen in August According to Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokriyal.

Religious Places Visit: No Touching of Deity, No no Sparkling of Holy Water No Prasada in Temples Wearing Mask Thermal Screening is a must 

Shopping Malls Visit: Elderly People With 65 Years of Age and Children Below 10 Years Are Advised to Stay at Home.

Restaurant and food courts in malls to operate at 50 per cent seating capacity with a mandatory distance of six feet between tables. No common prayer mats, physical offerings like prasad, or sprinkling of holy water, in places of worship. Age and health-based restrictions on stepping out of home. Masks to be mandatory, and the Aarogya Setu app 'recommended' for all.

Use of masks, thermal screening, social distancing and sanitisation, the guidelines  require people above 65 years of age, specially  people with comorbidities, pregnant woman, and children below the age of 10 years, to stay at home. Masks are mandatory at all times, including inside restaurants

15 Day Amarnath Yarra Starts from 22 July

Standard Operating Procedures issued by the Indian Health Ministry 

Lockdown extends till June 30

  • International air travel, Metro rail services not allowed 

Cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places; and, social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious functions/ and other large congregations will not allowed..

According to MHA guidelines, in Phase II, schools, colleges, educational/ training/ coaching institutions etc., will be opened after consultations with States and Union Territories.

There shall be no restriction on inter-State and intra-State movement of persons and goods. No separate permission or approval or e-permit will be required for such movement

But  states have the freedom to decide on public movement.

COVID-19: Delhi Death Toll Rises to 82 in Last 24 Hours

Probable Guidelines for Lockdown 5.0.

More travel routes are likely to open in Lockdown 5.0.

From June 1, the Railways will operate 100 pairs of mail or express trains, bookings have already begun. Then AC class services will resume.

Some states have already begun intra-state buses. Other states may  begin intra-tate bus services after June 1.Metro  services may begin in a limited manner, with lesser passenger capacity, social distancing norms and longer stops at each station.

Shops selling non-essential items were allowed to open during Lockdown 4.0.. More shops may open in Lockdown 5.0 even in markets.But no confirmed news regarding opening of shopping malls.Now many shops that have re-opened in market areas are operating on an odd-even basis.

Some cities have already allowed salons and beauty parlours to open with strict social distancing guidelines and wearing protective gear is a must.In containment areas the same rule may prevail in Lockdown 5.0.

The Human Resource Development Ministry of India will soon announce the guidelines of   schools reopening.

How to identify Fake News or Messeges on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Don't rely on viral social media messages such as Coronavirus Infected Indian Currencies of Rs.500 and Rs.2,000 Notes Found, Muslim Man Spit in Food At Indian Restaurant.....Always Check Authentic Sources.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they are developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+919073399779

COVID-19 Related Conspiracy Theories:
https://fsi.stanford.edu/news/china-covid19

 

 

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