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UN’s Myanmar Rights Envoy Urges Aung San Suu Kyi to ‘Open Your Eyes’

An appeal by a United Nations envoy on human rights to Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi to stop ignoring the situation of persecuted Rohingya Muslim refugees in Bangladesh and those who still live in the Southeast Asian country drew swift rebukes from Myanmar officials on Wednesday.

A File Photo Shows Yanghee Lee, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar briefs the press about the situation in Myanmar on
12 March 2018 Geneva, Switzerland~ UN Photo by Violaine Martin

Yanghee Lee, the special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, told the Human Rights Council a day earlier that the situation in Myanmar was of extreme concern, and that the country had done nothing to eliminate systematic violence and persecution of the stateless minority group.

“I would like to ask the state counselor if the Myanmar that exists today is what she had truly aspired to bring about throughout the decades of her relentless fight for a free and democratic Myanmar?” Lee asked.

“I implore you, Madame State Counselor, to open your eyes, listen, feel with your heart, and please use your moral authority, before it is too late,” she said concerning the delayed repatriation of Rohingya refugees who have refused to return to Myanmar unless their safety is guaranteed and they are granted citizenship and other basic rights.

A brutal military-led campaign targeting the Rohingya in northern Rakhine state in 2017 left thousands dead and forced more than 740,000 others to flee their communities and seek safety in neighboring Bangladesh.

In 2018, an Independent International Fact-finding Mission (FFM) set up by the U.N. Human Rights Council said the operation amounted to “genocide” and called for the prosecution of top generals, including Myanmar commander-in-chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.

In a blistering report issued Monday, the FFM warned that the roughly 600,000 Rohingya who remain in Myanmar still face a “serious risk of genocide” and called for Myanmar to be held responsible for the violence against the Rohingya.

The following day, U.N. investigators called for experts to determine whether Aung San Suu Kyi could be legally implicated in the rights abuses, a task that could possibly be done by the Human Rights Council’s recently created Independent International Mechanism for Myanmar (IIMM).

The body was set up to collect evidence of violations of international law committed in Myanmar since 2011 and prepare files to facilitate independent criminal proceedings over atrocities in the country.

In response to the mission’s report, Kyaw Moe Tun, Myanmar’s ambassador to the U.N., said the FFM’s accusation of genocide was one-sided.

He also said that Myanmar would reject any effort to bring the issue of rights violations involving the Rohingya before an international legal body and that it is “capable of addressing the issue of accountability” itself, the Associated Press reported.

‘Usually what they do’

Myanmar military spokesman Brigadier General Zaw Min Tun also said that the U.N. allegations were unfair, repeating the country’s stock reply that witness and victim accounts of killings, rapes, and torchings of villages by government soldiers — well-documented by human rights groups — are “one-sided.”

“Whether it is the FFM or the follow-up creation of the IIMM, these groups are drawing conclusions from outside the country, relying on one-sided accusations,” he told RFA’s Myanmar Service. “This is what they usually do. I have nothing more to say about it.”

Earlier this month, a Myanmar military investigation found that soldiers who killed 19 people suspected of being members of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), a militant group whose deadly attacks on police outposts precipitated the violent rampage on Rohingya communities, did not follow proper procedures during the crackdown.

Those responsible for the killings, which took place in February 2018 in Gutabyin village of Rakhine’s Buthidaung township, are being court-martialed.

Zaw Min Tun told RFA in an earlier report that that the murder victims were terrorists.

The U.N.’s FFM said in an email response to RFA last week that the Myanmar government’s plan to conduct domestic military investigations would not bring justice to the victims of rights violations.

The FFM’s report also pointed out that Myanmar’s 1959 Defense Services Act did not cover war crimes and that the 1982 Citizenship Law must be amended to improve the human rights situation in Myanmar.

Under that law, Myanmar refused to recognize the Rohingya as a legitimate national ethnic minority and denied the group citizenship and access to basic services, despite the group’s longtime presence in the country’s western region.

With regard to the suggestion that the Defense Services Act should be amended, Zaw Min Tun said, “I want to ask if they have really studied our Act.”

Myo Nyunt, spokesman of the ruling civilian-led National League for Democracy (NLD) government, declined to comment directly on Lee’s words because she had made a personal appeal, but indicated that the country should make its own decisions on its internal affairs.

The NLD is willing to cooperate with U.N. organizations as long as they observe the situation in Myanmar thoroughly, he said.

Myo Myunt added that only the governing party and the Myanmar people know best when it comes to domestic issues, and that the people should be the ones making decision on these issues.

“We are always cooperating with the U.N. in areas where we can do so,” he said. “But those who are outside the country do not know in which areas we can work together and in which areas we cannot.”

No one at the State Counselor’s Office or the President’s Office was available for comment.

Memorial ceremony for Hindus

In a related development, a memorial ceremony for Hindus massacred by members of ARSA two years ago during the military-led crackdown in northern Rakhine state was held Tuesday in Myanmar’s commercial hub Yangon, members of the Hindu community said.

Militants slaughtered roughly 100 Hindu villagers in late August 2017 in Maungdaw township, dumping their bodies in mass graves, and forcing young Hindu women to convert to Islam and taking them to a Muslim refugee camp in Bangladesh.

Other Hindus fled to Bangladesh or to other parts of Rakhine state to escape the violence.

Family members of the deceased, diplomats, and other Hindus attended the ceremony.

Ragu Nay Myint from a Yangon-based humanitarian assistance group that helps Hindus chastised international organizations for ignoring the plight of the Hindus in Rakhine.

“These so-called humanitarian organizations have provided almost no assistance to our Hindu families,” he said.

By way of example, he said that the International Committee of the Red Cross has provided 45,000 kyats (U.S. $28) to each of the 1,200 displaced Hindus living in Rakhine’s capital Sittwe so they could return to Maungdaw.

“So far, this is the only assistance we ever received,” Ragu Ni Myint said. “So we are desperate to ask why the [international] humanitarian operations do not include us.”

Ni Maul, a Hindu community leader from Maungdaw, said about eight months have passed since the Hindu refugees received any financial aid from humanitarian organizations.

“There are hardships in our community, and people find it so difficult to make a living,” he said. “People are trying to survive on their own because our livelihoods have been eliminated.”

More than 440 Hindus who fled to Bangladesh during the crackdown and are living in sprawling refugee camps want to return to Myanmar but have not yet done so, fearing for their safety.

“Hindus who wish to return to Myanmar have received death threats,” Ni Maul said. “If they are allowed to return, they don’t want to go back separately, but rather return as a group. They are worried that if they are separated, their community will become weakened there.”

Though the governments of Myanmar and Bangladesh have agreed to repatriate refugees, their two attempts to return some of the Hindu and Rohingya refugees failed when no one showed up at the border for re-entry processing.

Reported by Moe Myint and Kyaw Lwin Oo for RFA’s Myanmar Service. Translated by Ye Kaung Myint Maung. Written in English by Roseanne Gerin.

Copyright © 1998-2016, RFA. Used with the permission of Radio Free Asia, 2025 M St. NW, Suite 300, Washington DC 20036. https://www.rfa.org

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Top

India News Brief

5 July, 2020

COVID-19 Cases In the State of Maharashtra Crosses 200,000, 7074 Fresh Cases and 295 Deaths reported in the Last 24 Hours
Single Day Spike in COVID-19 Cases in India:21,771 Cases
India Set to Overtake Russia as 3rd Worst Hit by COVID-19 Pandemic

Total COVID Cases: 648,318 Death Toll: 18,655

India's Most Affected States:

Maharashtra: Total Positive Cases: 192,990 Total Deaths: 8,376

Gujarat: Total Positive Cases: 34,686  Total Deaths: 1,906

Madhya Pradesh: Total  Positive Cases: 14,297 Total Deaths: 593

West Bengal: Total Positive Cases: 20,488 Total Deaths: 717

Delhi: Total Positive Cases: 94,695 Total Deaths: 2,923

Rajasthan: Total Positive Cases: 19,256 Total Deaths: 443

Uttar Pradesh: Total Positive  Cases: 25,797 Total Deaths: 749

Tamil Nadu : Total Positive Cases: 1,02,721 Total Deaths: 1,385

Andhra Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 16,934 Total Deaths: 206

Telengana: Total Positive Cases:20,762 Total Deaths: 283

Karnataka: Total Positive Cases: 19,710 Total Deaths: 293

Punjab: Total Positive Cases: 5,937 .Total Deaths: 157

Jammu and Kashmir: 8,019 Total Deaths: 119

The West Bengal Government Allows 50 People at Marriage Functions and Funerals during the current phase of COVID-19 Lockdown from 1 July to 31 July.
According to Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee, morning walks will be allowed from 5.30 a.m to 8.30 a.m provided social distancing and other norms.
The new guidelines issued by the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on 30 June: Schools, colleges, educational institutions, cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars, auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places, and even metro services will continue to remain shut until July 31

India Reports 18,522 New Cases and 418 Deaths in 24 Hours 

COVID-19: Highlights 

Schools May Reopen in August According to Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokriyal.

Religious Places Visit: No Touching of Deity, No no Sparkling of Holy Water No Prasada in Temples Wearing Mask Thermal Screening is a must 

Shopping Malls Visit: Elderly People With 65 Years of Age and Children Below 10 Years Are Advised to Stay at Home.

Restaurant and food courts in malls to operate at 50 per cent seating capacity with a mandatory distance of six feet between tables. No common prayer mats, physical offerings like prasad, or sprinkling of holy water, in places of worship. Age and health-based restrictions on stepping out of home. Masks to be mandatory, and the Aarogya Setu app 'recommended' for all.

Use of masks, thermal screening, social distancing and sanitisation, the guidelines  require people above 65 years of age, specially  people with comorbidities, pregnant woman, and children below the age of 10 years, to stay at home. Masks are mandatory at all times, including inside restaurants

15 Day Amarnath Yarra Starts from 22 July

Standard Operating Procedures issued by the Indian Health Ministry 

Lockdown extends till June 30

  • International air travel, Metro rail services not allowed 

Cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places; and, social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious functions/ and other large congregations will not allowed..

According to MHA guidelines, in Phase II, schools, colleges, educational/ training/ coaching institutions etc., will be opened after consultations with States and Union Territories.

There shall be no restriction on inter-State and intra-State movement of persons and goods. No separate permission or approval or e-permit will be required for such movement

But  states have the freedom to decide on public movement.

COVID-19: Delhi Death Toll Rises to 82 in Last 24 Hours

Probable Guidelines for Lockdown 5.0.

More travel routes are likely to open in Lockdown 5.0.

From June 1, the Railways will operate 100 pairs of mail or express trains, bookings have already begun. Then AC class services will resume.

Some states have already begun intra-state buses. Other states may  begin intra-tate bus services after June 1.Metro  services may begin in a limited manner, with lesser passenger capacity, social distancing norms and longer stops at each station.

Shops selling non-essential items were allowed to open during Lockdown 4.0.. More shops may open in Lockdown 5.0 even in markets.But no confirmed news regarding opening of shopping malls.Now many shops that have re-opened in market areas are operating on an odd-even basis.

Some cities have already allowed salons and beauty parlours to open with strict social distancing guidelines and wearing protective gear is a must.In containment areas the same rule may prevail in Lockdown 5.0.

The Human Resource Development Ministry of India will soon announce the guidelines of   schools reopening.

How to identify Fake News or Messeges on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Don't rely on viral social media messages such as Coronavirus Infected Indian Currencies of Rs.500 and Rs.2,000 Notes Found, Muslim Man Spit in Food At Indian Restaurant.....Always Check Authentic Sources.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they are developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+919073399779

COVID-19 Related Conspiracy Theories:
https://fsi.stanford.edu/news/china-covid19

 

 

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