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  • Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media
  • Check Whether Photos Are Original or Photoshopped or Out of Context Pictures
  • Check Google images for Authenticity-You Can Find Help from Google Reverse Images Search
  • Beware of Fake News Websites Which Run by People With No Journalism Background to Promote Their Own Ideology
  • Check the News Sources from Other Websites Whether They Picked Up the Story or Not
  • Forwarding Social Media Messages from Unknown Sources or Little Known Sources, It Would be Better to Ignore Them
  • You Can Easily Identify Fake Messages if the Message Requests You to Share
  • Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred
  • Always Check Fact Checking Sites if You Have Some Doubts About the Authenticity of Any Information or Picture

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101 cases of Female Genital Mutilation Verified in Portugal

By Joel Balsinha,Lisbon,Portugal

The case of a one-and-a-half-year-old baby victim of female genital mutilation (FGM), who was on trial in the Sintra Court, ended this January with the sentencing of the Guinean mother to three years in prison and the compensation paymant of ten thousand euros, in Portugal. In 2020 alone, health professionals detected 101 cases of female genital mutilation.The crime, according to the data obtained, took place about two years ago on a trip to Guinea-Bissau, in the African continent, where the mutilation took place, and was detected on the return to Portugal by health professionals at the time of a medical consultation.

The suspicions led to a request for expertise to verify the reasons for the origin of the urinary infection.”By unanimously endorsing the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 193 Member States pledged to eradicate FGM by 2030. The goal of the Sustainable Development Goals is“ to eliminate all harmful practices, such as premature marriages , forced and child, and female genital mutilation”.In addition, many human rights treaties and conventions require states parties to take all measures – including the enactment of laws – to end FGM, “advances the same UNFPA report that discriminates against countries with” laws, executive decrees or resolutions related to female genital mutilation: Australia, in six out of eight states, between 1994 and 2006, Austria in 2002, Belgium in 2000, Benin in 2003, Burkina Faso in 1996, Canada in 1997, the Central African Republic in 1996 and 2006, Chad in 2003, Colombia in 2009, Côte d’Ivoire in 1998, Cyprus in 2003, Denmark in 2003, Djibouti in 1994 and 2009, Egypt in 2008, Eritrea in 2007, Ethiopia in 2004, France in 1979, Gambia in 2015, Ghana in 1994 and 2007, Guinea in 1965 and 2000, Guinea-Bissau in 2011, Ireland in 2012, Italy in 2005, Liberia in 2018, Luxembourg in 2008, Kenya in 2001 and 2011, Mauritania in 2005, New Zealand in 1995, Niger in 2003, Nigeria in 2015, Norway in 1 995, Portugal in 2007, Senegal in 1999, South Africa in 2000, Spain in 2003, Sudan in South Kordofan in 2008 and Gedaref in 2009, Sweden in 1982 and 1998, Switzerland in 2005 and 2012, Tanzania in 1998, Togo in 1998, Uganda in 2010, the United Kingdom in 1985, the United States in 1996 and Zambia in 2005 and 2011 “, describes the UNFPA report – United Nations Population Fund, made publicly available and which we had access to, which addresses the issue of female genital mutilation – socially sanctioned gender violence.

The crime of Female Genital Mutilation came into effect in Portugal in September 2015. Until that time, the practice of this type of crime was punished as being offenses to serious physical integrity. This case comes to court for the first time five years after the entry into force of this offense, punished by criminal law, in the case law of Sintra. In the process, a young mother is “accused of practicing or authorizing this practice on her baby daughter, who was about a year and a half old when both were in Guinea-Bissau”.

This process has finally come to an end. This act is punishable by two to ten years in prison. The sentence of the Guinean citizen, who resides on national soil, was three years in prison. During the trial, her daughter was subjected to medical examination, and scars related to type IV female genital mutilation were found, a crime for which the defendant was accused, which constituted evidence.Aspect that from the first hour, the victim’s mother contested and that she always claimed in defense that what happened in the child was caused by “diaper rash”, as mentioned in a consultation at the health center in 2019.

Data from national and global organizations that fight against this crime reveal that about 6,576 women over the age of fifteen in Portugal may be subject to this practice based on “partial or total removal of external female genitals”, at the European Union level about five hundred thousand and two hundred million in the world.In Portugal, a pilot project of “Healthy Practices – Ending Female Genital Mutilation” emerged, coordinated by the Regional Health Administration of Lisbon and Vale do Tejo, the Commission for Citizenship and Gender Equality (CIG) and the High Commission for Migrations, created in 2018, and implemented in the Health Center Groupings (ACES) Almada-Seixal, Amadora, Arco Ribeirinho, Loures-Odivelas and Sintra and currently extended to Cascais, Tagus Estuary, Central Lisbon, Western Lisbon and Oeiras, and Lisbon North, to understand this phenomenon and combat this criminal practice.

“The end of FGM by 2030 is within reach, but accelerated action is required, or the goal will not be reached and millions more girls will be harmed, with their rights violated […] This year, begins the“ Decade of Action” to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 – including the end of harmful practices. To achieve our goal and protect millions of women and girls whose bodily integrity is threatened, the time has come for us to do even more.The pace of our progress should be even faster.Governments must fulfill their obligation to protect girls and women from harm. Human rights treaties, such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child, guide governments to “take all effective and appropriate measures with the aim of abolishing traditional practices harmful to children’s health”.Getting to zero can be difficult, but we have no doubt that it is possible. After all, some harmful practices have persisted over the centuries. However, change will come – and it must come. The first step in changing attitudes and social norms is to educate parents about the consequences that harmful practices have for their daughters and the benefits they bring to families and communities when girls are healthy and empowered, and their rights are respected. We know that actions that place women, men, girls and boys on an equal footing in all walks of life can help transform long-standing harmful traditions. We know that dismantling patrilineal property and inheritance systems can also help to dismantle the institution of child marriage. We know what works […] Since the beginning of 2020, the world has faced an unprecedented pandemic, with Covid-19 spreading rapidly around the world, taking lives and wreaking havoc on societies and economies.In this time of adversity, UNFPA will continue to protect the health and rights of women and girls in the countries and communities in which we work”, points out Natalia Kanem, Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director of UNFPA – United Nations Population Fund in the report which addresses the issue of female genital mutilation.

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India COVID-19 News

 May 18, 2021

India Coronavirus Cases: 24,965,463 Deaths274,390 

In the last 24 hours, 3,78,741 people have recovered from COVID-19. There are now 35,16,997 active cases. Over 4,000 people have died in the world in the last 24 hours for the third day in a row

How You Identify Fake News or Messages on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early.

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they a.re developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

Without evidence or with fake evidence, a conspiracy theory will always remain a conspiracy theory.

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+916289017966

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