Kolkata, the capital of the state of West Bengal, was founded as a commerce hub by an agent of the East India Company Job Charnok. Local landlords sold him Sutanati, Gobindapur, and Kalikata, three villages on the east bank of the Ganges. Dalhousie Square, originally the headquarters of the British Government’s administration, is still Bengal’s power hub, with Laldighi (a historic pond) in its midst. It has been renamed BBD Bag (after the freedom fighters Binay, Badol, and Dinesh who killed a high-profile police officer inside the Writers Building), and it is flanked by some land mark buildings.
One of the best-known city icons is the General Post Office (GPO). It is flanked by rows of columns and stands on the location of the Fort William the old fort. The Bengal Postal Department’s headquarters are located there.
Built in 1776, the Writers Buildings a landmark building.
House of the Governor is surrounded by gardens and sprawling grounds and was built by Governor General Lord Wellesley.
The Victoria Memorial was built in commemoration of Queen Victoria at the intersection of Red Road and Quins Way by Governor General Lord Curzon.It was completed in 1921 after being planned in 1901.The Victoria Memorial, which is surrounded by gardens, attracts visitors from all around the world.
New Market:In 1863,British Civilian officials appealed to Calcutta Corporation to set up a market for them.In 1871,a special committee was formed by the corporation to look after the matter.The committee recommended to set up a market.For this purpose,25 Bigha land in Chowranghee’s Lindsay street and Burtram Street worth Rs.2 lakh and 18 thousand was purchased.Burn and Standard Company started construction.In the year 1873,the market was completed.The amount spend to construct the building was Rs.6 lakh 65 thousand and 950.The market complex was officially inaugurated in 1st January,1874.The market was named after Sir Stuart Hog,the chairman of Calcutta Corporation.Dakshineswar kali Temple:Built by Rani Rashmoni,the landlady of the area near Bali Bridge at the banks of river Ganges in 1847.Here,Sri Ramkrishna,the spiritual Guru of Swami Vivakanda worshipped Mother Kali.Devotees from all over the world assemble here.
The latitude is 22.82 North, the longitude is 88.20 East, the population density is 1,029 people per square kilometre, and the total area is 34267 square miles (88750 km).
Kumartuli is surrounded by workshops that function as studios, a few residences, and businesses offering garments and other goods for embellishing the images. Work is underway to transform Kumartuli, which is dark and gloomy, into a modern arts destination. The name Kumartuli comes from the fact that the area is home to kumor, or potters. Following Bengal’s post-independence division, many artisans from East Bengal settled in Kumartuli.
On the banks of the Hooghly River, Kalighat is located in Calcutta (Bhagirathi). Calcutta’s name is supposed to be originated from the word Kalighat. Kaali is one of Bengal’s most important deities.
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