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  • Check the News Sources from Other Websites Whether They Picked Up the Story or Not
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  • Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred
  • Always Check Fact Checking Sites if You Have Some Doubts About the Authenticity of Any Information or Picture


Catholic Girl Abducted and Converted to Islam in Pakistan: the Kidnapper’s False Statements

Karachi: Arzoo Raja, the young Catholic girl kidnapped, forcibly converted to Islam and forced into an Islamic wedding by a 44-year-old Muslim, is 13 years old and not 18, as falsely stated in the Affidavit, the statement that the abductor’s defenders gave to the police to legitimize the entire operation, making it seem legal. In this false declaration, among other things extorted from the young girl, is the proof of the deception to be exposed in order to denounce the illegality and brutality of the act and to be able to release her. As Fides has learned, it is in this sense that the representatives of the Church in Karachi are moving to tackle the case of the 13-year-old Catholic who has been kidnapped, a case that is shaking the community.

As reported to Fides by local sources, the case, which occurred in the large metropolis of Karachi, concerns, in particular, the Catholic community of Saint Anthony parish. Arzoo’s family lives in “Quarter 8 City”, of the Railway Colony, in the western part of the city of Karachi. The leaders of the local Church, as well as various Catholics involved in politics and civil society, have mobilized to bring out the case and address it publicly, calling for the prompt intervention of the authorities.

Fr. Robert Mc Culloch, an Australian missionary for over 30 years in Pakistan, currently Procurator General of the Society of St. Columban, comments on the case in an interview with Agenzia Fides: “We record with pain a serious and brutal act against an innocent girl. Cases like this, including kidnapping, forced conversion and marriage, are tragically on the rise in Pakistan and mostly involve young Christian and Hindu girls, especially in the Sindh province. I believe that it is necessary to activate all possible means to save Arzoo and all the other girls like her, subjected to violence. The authorities need to take note of a phenomenon that is truly worrying and devastating for Pakistani society, a phenomenon which undermines every effort for inter-religious harmony and undermines the inalienable rights of non-Muslim citizens”.The Catholic Church in Karachi and Pakistani civil society organizations are at the forefront, with the girl’s family, in order to save Arzoo since her real age is provided by a civil birth certificate, as well as in the baptismal certificate issued by Saint Anthony parish, kidnapping (falsely defined as an “act of free will”), marriage with a minor (passed off as an adult), conversion to Islam (presented as “free membership”) constitute crimes punishable on the basis of the flagrant violation of various laws including that on the minimum age to get married legally.

According to Agenzia Fides, Nasir Raza, human rights activist who assists Raja’s Catholic family in this delicate situation, declares in an interview with Agenzia Fides: “This is umpteenth case, a story that repeats itself: on 13 October, the girl was kidnapped, and on the same day she was forcibly converted to Islam and forced into an Islamic marriage with impunity. She was playing at home. She went out to go to a shop and never came back. After her disappearance, the family filed a First Information Report against unknown persons around 5 pm”.

Nasir Raza explains: “Arzoo is a 7th grade student and, as evidenced by her birth certificate from the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA), she was born on July 31, 2007”, and adds: “The girl’s family is in shock and very tense. The inappropriate behavior of the police at the police station is another challenge for the family, in the throes of suffering and despair”.

Infact, the police dismissed the case because, on the evening of October 14, the kidnapper’s lawyer appeared at the police station, presenting the documents that, according to him, would grant full legitimacy to the abductor: an “Affidavit”, signed by Arzoo, who attests her free will for her conversion to Islam and for marriage; a “certificate of conversion to Islam” and a marriage certificate. The girl’s parents were unable to do anything, even though they provided the girl’s birth certificate and referred to the law that prohibits marriage under 18 years of age (according to Islamic law, it is allowed).

Anthony Naveed, a Catholic politician and member of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh Province, is currently dealing with the case and has visited the family. Speaking to Fides, Naveed said: “I offered the family legal assistance and I also spoke with the police officers for the analysis and review of the case”. Anthony Naveed remarks: “The complaint filed now is weak because it is filed against unknown persons, but now that more details are known, correct information must be added, and the laws on child protection and child marriage must be recalled”. Naveed concluded: “The increase in the number of kidnappings and forced conversions of Christian and Hindu girls is a very serious phenomenon. The increase in these cases is worrying, even though it is due to the narrow and sick mentality of very few people in Pakistani society. In the current context of social and political status, religious minorities constitute weaker elements and consequently minority women and girls become an easy targets for kidnappers and men who carry out forced conversions”.

According to Anjum James Paul, a Pakistani Catholic, President of the Association of Teachers of Religious Minorities in Pakistan, “these kidnappings are against the law and constitute a pedophilia offense that the whole of Pakistani society, primarily the civil authorities, must fight with all their might. We ask for a strong and decisive government intervention to put an end to this criminal phenomenon against girls, the most vulnerable in society, and which gives Pakistan a very bad image”.
As the NGO Human Rights Commission of Pakistan noted in a note sent to Agenzia Fides, every year at least 1,000 Christian and Hindu women are kidnapped and forced to convert and marry their aggressor. Many families do not report the crime or withdraw their complaints, in the face of threats against other family members.

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How to identify Fake News or Messages on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is the duplicate one might be or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early.

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

Follow WHO guidelines

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

Without evidence or with fake evidence, a conspiracy theory will always remain a conspiracy theory.

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