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  • Afghanistan:20 Killed, 18 Wounded in Two Separate Traffic Accidents in Laghman
  • The COVID Delta Variation is as Transmissible as Chickenpox:United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • Saif al-Islam,Son of Libya's Slain Dictator Muammar Gaddafi Hints that He May Run for President:Reports
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  • Selemon Barega of Ethiopia Wins the Tokyo Olympics Games' 2p020 Inaugural Track Gold
  • Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media
  • Check Whether Photos Are Original or Photoshopped or Out of Context Pictures
  • Check Google images for Authenticity-You Can Find Help from Google Reverse Images Search
  • Beware of Fake News Websites Which Run by People With No Journalism Background to Promote Their Own Ideology
  • Check the News Sources from Other Websites Whether They Picked Up the Story or Not
  • Forwarding Social Media Messages from Unknown Sources or Little Known Sources, It Would be Better to Ignore Them
  • You Can Easily Identify Fake Messages if the Message Requests You to Share
  • Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred
  • Always Check Fact Checking Sites if You Have Some Doubts About the Authenticity of Any Information or Picture

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Journalists,Opposition Leaders the Target of Government Spyware in Various Countries

Used Only for Illustration Purpose

According to Freedom House,governments in various countries are rapidly investing in sophisticated technologies to track their citizens’ social media use. Previously the domain of the world’s most powerful intelligence agencies, this sort of mass surveillance has spread to a variety of countries, ranging from big authoritarian powers to smaller or poorer ones hoping to seek down dissidents and persecuted minorities.

The expanding use of social media surveillance, along with an alarming increase in the number of nations where social media users have been arrested for their lawful online activity, threatens to limit the space for civic activism on digital platforms.

Artificial intelligence (AI) advancements have brought up new potential for mass surveillance. Advanced monitoring systems can use link analysis to swiftly map individuals’ relationships, ascribe a meaning or attitude to their social media posts using natural-language processing and sentiment analysis, and infer their past, present, or future locations.

Spyware can be placed on any device, including a computer, a tablet, an iPhone, or an Android phone. Spyware makers used to target computers, but now they target Android phones, iPhones, and tablets.

NSO Group, an Israeli “Cyber Warfare” company, makes and sells Pegasus, a mobile phone spyware .Candiru is also a top-secret Israeli firm that offers spyware to governments only. To monitor a target, a Pegasus government operator must persuade the target to click on a specially designed exploit link, which, once clicked, launches a chain of zero-day vulnerabilities that compromise the phone’s security features and install Pegasus without the user’s knowledge or permission.

According to  a report published by Toronto-based research center Citizen Lab,Pegasus begins contacting the operator’s command and control (C&C) servers to receive and execute operators’ commands, as well as send back the target’s private data, such as passwords, contact lists, calendar events, text messages, and live voice calls from popular mobile messaging apps, once the phone has been exploited and Pegasus has been installed. The operator can even activate the phone’s camera and microphone to record what’s going on around it.

Amnesty International alleged that journalists, bloggers, and activists who speak out against oppression are frequently targeted. They could be exposing shady deals, seeking election reform, or advocating for privacy rights. They are at odds with their governments because they defend human rights. Governments would rather shut them down than listen to them. 

NSO claims to be developing technology to assist governments in combating terrorism and crime.To gain access to users’ phones and computers, the authorities employ sophisticated cyber-attacks. They can find out who their contacts are, their passwords, their social media activities, and their texts once they’ve gained access. They have the ability to record talks.

The phones of 37 journalists and human rights activists were either attempted or successfully hacked by an Israeli surveillance firm, and were infected with military-grade malware, according to a Washington Post and 16 media partners investigation.The spyware used in the attacks came from NSO,according to media reports. NSO Group  grants use licences to government agencies for the purpose of tracking criminals and terrorists.

But the  inquiry revealed that two of the 37 compromised devices belonged to two women close to Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi writer who was brutally murdered and his body dismembered in the Saudi embassy in Turkey after falling out of favour with the Saudi royal family.It’s also making headlines that it was also used to hack Indian journalists, Opposition leaders,social activists.Journalists and lawyers who have been critical of President Enrique Pena Nieto’s administration had previously been targeted.

Mexico’s opposition party was the target of government spyware.

Exhibit of Police Brutality in Kenya

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The Inside Story: The United States’ Military Withdrawal from Afghanistan

President Joe Biden announced the withdrawal of all 2,500 US troops from the nation on May 1 and ending on Sept. 11, the war’s 20th anniversary.Biden stated that he would not hand over the nation’s longest conflict to another president. He stated that he inherited the year-end drawdown date and that he intended to retain the US-Taliban deal that was formed during the previous Trump administration.An Inside story the consequences and effects of US Military withdrawal from Afghanistan
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COVID Effect:Aid to Burkina Faso is Being Cut

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Israel’s NSO is Being Criticised for Spyware that Targets Journalists and Dissidents

Following reports that software from the private security firm NSO was used to spy on journalists, dissidents, and even political leaders throughout the world, Israel is facing growing international criticism. A group of American politicians has urged the US government to take action against the corporation, which has denied any wrongdoing. Some experts in Israel are advocating for tighter controls on cyber exports
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How You Identify Fake News or Messages on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early.

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they a.re developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

Without evidence or with fake evidence, a conspiracy theory will always remain a conspiracy theory.

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+916289017966

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