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  • Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media
  • Check Whether Photos Are Original or Photoshopped or Out of Context Pictures
  • Check Google images for Authenticity-You Can Find Help from Google Reverse Images Search
  • Beware of Fake News Websites Which Run by People With No Journalism Background to Promote Their Own Ideology
  • Check the News Sources from Other Websites Whether They Picked Up the Story or Not
  • Forwarding Social Media Messages from Unknown Sources or Little Known Sources, It Would be Better to Ignore Them
  • You Can Easily Identify Fake Messages if the Message Requests You to Share
  • Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred
  • Always Check Fact Checking Sites if You Have Some Doubts About the Authenticity of Any Information or Picture


Landmine Deaths Break Quiet But Myanmar’s Rakhine Clash-Free For a Week

The wreckage of a car blown up by a landmine sits on the side of a road in Maungdaw township, western Myanmar’s Rakhine state, Nov. 17, 2020Photo courtesy of Myanmar Military Information Committee via RFA

Three civilians, including a toddler, were killed when their car hit a landmine in western Myanmar’s Rakhine state, an incident that punctuated a rare period of quiet in the two-year-old war between government troops and the rebel Arakan Army that has raised hopes of peace.

Nine members of an extended family from a village in Maungdaw township were traveling home from a Buddhist alms-giving ceremony when their vehicle hit the mine. Kyaw Ye Aung, 25, his wife Aye Sann Nu, 20, and their son Kyaw Hsan Oo, 3 were killed, while four severely injured family members were taken to a hospital in the state capital Sittwe on Wednesday.

The car that hit the landmine was one of three returning from the ceremony, said Ma Win Thar, the older sister of injured passenger Saw Yin.

“Their vehicle passed two other cars,” she said. “Then, we heard the blast. It was like a big tree had fallen to the ground. Their car was blown away by the blast.”

The Myanmar military blamed the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), a group that has been designated a terrorist organization for planting the landmines.

The Muslim militant group carried out deadly attacks on police outposts in northern Rakhine state in 2016 and 2017 that sparked violent military-led crackdowns on Rohingya communities, together driving about 830,000 members of the minority group out of the country and into Bangladesh.

RFA could not reach ARSA for comment. The shadowy group is not known to be actively fighting government security forces in Myanmar since other attacks on border guard stations in northern Rakhine state in 2019.

The deadly blast came as daily fighting between the AA and Myanmar troops stopped temporarily for the first time in the aftermath of general elections held on Nov. 8, local aid groups, residents, and lawmakers said Wednesday.

The break came after the AA issued a statement on Nov. 12 requesting that “by-elections” be held in parts of Rakhine where voting had been cancelled as a security precaution. The ethnic army also said it was extending a unilateral cease-fire until the end of the year so the elections could take place.

The same day, the Myanmar military issued a statement welcoming the AA’s appeal to election officials to hold the balloting by end of the year.

A ‘ray of hope’ for peace

Fighting between the Myanmar military and the AA, a mostly ethnic Rakhine rebel force that seeks greater autonomy for its people in the state, has killed 308 civilians and displaced nearly 226,000 civilians, according to tallies by RFA and a local relief organization.

The two forces last clashed on Nov. 10, when six civilians, including four children, were critically injured by an artillery blast in Ann township.

Ann Thar Gyi, a member of a humanitarian group helping civilians displaced by the war, said he hoped the pause in fighting would usher in a period of peace.

“Since then, we haven’t heard any news about armed conflicts in Minbya, Mrauk-U, or Kyauktaw [townships],” he said. “We pray and hope that this will be the ray of hope for long-lasting peace.”

“There had been armed combat in Rakhine state almost on a daily basis. …Now, we have seen the AA and the military compromise on something,” he said. “We see this as very promising for peace.”

Kyaw Zin, a resident of Pan Myaung village in Minbya township, said the pause in hostilities is a positive development that sets the stage for elections to be held in the state.

“It is a good time to hold the elections that we missed,” he said. “Otherwise, we will be without any civil administrations.”

“We are also glad that the military endorsed the appeal made by the AA,” he said. “I think the battles will cease for a longer time if we can hold the elections in the region.”

Myo Lwin, a resident of Ann town, who is helping civilians injured in the armed conflict, agreed that the latest development was a good sign for possible peace.

“When both combatants compromised on holding the elections, I concluded that it would expand the political sphere and lessen the chances of armed conflict,” he said.

But Myo Lwin pointed out that military troops are still present in and mobilizing on the ground in war zones, while locals continue to flee their homes.

Myanmar soldiers also are still searching for civilians whom they believe may have connections to the AA, he said, though on Nov. 14, the military released nearly 150 villagers it had detained earlier in Zaing Chaung village in Kyaukphyu township.

Government must act

Phoe San, a Rakhine state parliament lawmaker from Kyaukphyu township, said state officials and legislators had discussions with the state security and border affairs minister and military officers about halting the fighting.

“So far, the armed combat has stopped completely,” he said.

Tun Thar Sein, a Rakhine state lawmaker from Mrauk-U township, said that fighting has come to a standstill in his township as well as in Minbya, Kyauktaw, and Ponnagyun townships.

But he warned that the armed conflict would resume if the government did not arrange for elections to be held.

“If the government acts to implement these appeals, it could be beginning of national reconciliation and peace, [but] if the government fails to do so, the armed conflict will resume and intensify,” he said. “It would bring more trouble for civilians.”

AA spokesman Khine Thukha told RFA that the cessation of military engagements is a good start for possible political negotiations.

“Ending the gunfire could mean the beginning of a new setup for the future with political negotiations,” he said. “Primarily, it is important to build trust between the parties by sustaining the cease-fire.”

RFA was unable to reach Myanmar military spokesman Major General Zaw Min Tun for comment on Tuesday and Wednesday.

Zaw Min Tun told RFA on Nov. 12 that the armed forces supported the AA’s request for elections to be held in Rakhine so that citizens could exercise their right to vote.

Zaw Htay, spokesman of the President’s Office, said that the government will negotiate holding elections in townships where voting had been suspended.

Political analyst and writer Than Soe Naing pointed out that the military no longer is referring to the AA as a terrorist organization, as the government previously designated the rebel army.

“It has resolved one of the issues hindering the peace process,” he said. “This compromise on the election could open the door for more peace negotiations.”

Negotiators involved in Myanmar’s peace process could not be reached for comment on the prospects of talks between the AA and the military.

Reported by RFA’s Myanmar Service. Translated by Ye Kaung Myint Maung. Written in English by Roseanne Gerin.

 Copyright © 1998-2020, RFA. Used with the permission of Radio Free Asia, 2025 M St. NW, Suite 300, Washington DC 20036.

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India COVID-19 News

 May 18, 2021

India Coronavirus Cases: 24,965,463 Deaths274,390 

In the last 24 hours, 3,78,741 people have recovered from COVID-19. There are now 35,16,997 active cases. Over 4,000 people have died in the world in the last 24 hours for the third day in a row

How You Identify Fake News or Messages on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is the duplicate one might be or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early.

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

Follow WHO guidelines

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

Without evidence or with fake evidence, a conspiracy theory will always remain a conspiracy theory.

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us or Whats App:+916289017966

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