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Details

North Korean Youth Find Ways to Dodge Military Service

File Photo of North Korean Women Soldiers

More and more North Korean youth are dodging mandatory military service, because ruling party membership and all its perks are no longer as automatic for those who finish lengthy stints in the armed forces, sources in the country told RFA.

Membership in the Korean Workers’ Party is seen as a status symbol that can also be a gateway to better housing, employment, education and food in the impoverished country.

Every male citizen must serve an average of 10 years in the military, and under previous regulations most could expect to join the party upon discharge. RFA reported in late January, however, that authorities tightened the party’s entry barriers to the dismay of many serving soldiers, including many who are set to finish their service this year.

A resident of North Hamgyong province in the country’s northeast told RFA’s Korean Service this week that although the spring sign-up season was approaching, the youth were less than excited as they had been in previous years.

“At this time of year, the students who have just graduated from high school and those in their late teens usually visit the Military Mobilization Office to prepare for enlistment,” said the source, who requested anonymity to speak freely.

“But this year, as the number of applicants for enlistment has significantly decreased, the officials of the Military Mobilization Office are busy preparing countermeasures,” the source said.

In previous years most boys older than 17 would voluntarily enlist, usually to demonstrate loyalty to the state. Authorities generally did not need to hunt people down for refusing to appear for military service, because the consequences for not serving were too great.

Enlistment had been a joyous occasion seen almost as a coming of age, but now that party membership is no longer a given, youngsters are looking for ways out.

One of the most popular ways of dodging military service is to be declared medically exempt. The source said young people were secretly sharing with each other advice on how to fail medical exams.

“People with hepatitis or tuberculosis are excluded from the initial recruitment, so some people were found trying to get rejected at the physical examination by drinking a whole bottle of soy sauce to abnormally increase liver function,” the source said.

But after decades of food shortages many North Koreans don’t need any help to appear medically unfit for service. Since 2019, the minimum height for military service is 150 centimeters (about five feet) and the minimum weight is 50 kilograms (110 pounds).

“Many of this year’s recruits have not received enough nutrition to be in the military so their height and weight are less than standard,” the source said.

“Some of the healthy young people go so far as to bribe the physical examiners.”

Another source, a resident of South Pyongan province, north of the capital Pyongyang, confirmed to RFA Monday that youth there were also trying to get out of serving.

“The party encourages military service, calling it an advance guard of national security, but the youth these days are avoiding service by any means possible. Since there are no benefits and no opportunity to join the party after 10 years of service, they are avoiding enlistment,” said the second source, who requested anonymity for security reasons.

“Most of the recruits are high school senior boys, and this year there is an average of only four or five people from a single homeroom [of about 50 students] applying for enlistment,” the second source said. 

“Last year, about half of the graduates wanted to enlist, so this year things are cooling down. This is why the authorities have come up with a plan to increase enlistments among the graduates to normal levels,” the second source said.

Enlisting in the military is a financial burden on a soldier’s entire family. The second source said that the government does not keep the military adequately supplied, so soldiers’ families send them money for food and other necessities for the duration of their entire time in the military.

The sacrifice had been seen as worthwhile because party membership for the soldier upon discharge was virtually guaranteed.

“Starting this year, on the orders of the Highest Dignity the percentage of party memberships coming out of non-military roles has increased, and the percentage of memberships coming out of the military is down, so that’s why young people war avoiding enlistment,” the second source said, using the honorific title for leader Kim Jong Un.

“Some recruits are even envious of the children of people who escaped North Korea. According to policy, the children of those who have betrayed the country are excluded from the privilege of enlistment if one or both parents escaped the country to live in China or South Korea.”

However, the youth see this not as punishment, but an added perk, according to the second source. Not only do the children of escapees get out of military service, they also live well on money sent back by their “traitorous” parents.

The change in eligibility for party membership for soldiers is a result of economics. The central government has observed that collecting so-called loyalty funds for Kim Jong Un and the party center is easier when party members have more money, and soldiers are generally cash poor.

RFA’s Korean Service previously reported that under previous membership schemes, 90 percent of the party’s new members typically came from the military with about 10 percent coming from society.

Kim Jong Un recently ordered a change in the ratio to about 70 percent coming from the military and 30 percent from society, with fewer memberships awarded overall, saying that soldiers had come to expect party membership as a matter of course.

There are about 1.3 million personnel in the North Korean military, making it the world’s fourth-largest standing army after China, India and the United States.

Reported by Jieun Kim for RFA’s Korean Service. Translated by Leejin Jun. Written in English by Eugene Whong. 

Copyright © 1998-2020, RFA. Used with the permission of Radio Free Asia, 2025 M St. NW, Suite 300, Washington DC 20036. https://www.rfa.org

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India COVID-19 News

 June 25, 2021 

India COVID-19 Cases 30,082,778 and  Deaths 391,981 Doses 301,626,082

How You Identify Fake News or Messages on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early.

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they a.re developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

Without evidence or with fake evidence, a conspiracy theory will always remain a conspiracy theory.

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+916289017966

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