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  • COVID-19 Worldwide Update:Total Confirmed Cases: 6,181,085 Total Deaths: 372,286, Recoverd:2,646,996:JHU
  • Protest Continues in Minnesota Over George Floyd's Death for the Sixth Consecutive Nightth
  • At Least 40 Cities Across U.S. Imposed Curfews and National Guard Members Activated in 15 States and Washington D.C
  • COVID-19: Africa: Effected Countries: 54 Confirmed Cases: 146,794 Deaths:4,,223 Recovered: 61,773
  • COVID-19: How to Use Mask: WHO Guideline: Before Putting on a Mask, Clean Hands With Alcohol-Based Hand Rub or Soap and Water
  • COVID-19: How to Use Mask: WHO Guideline: Cover Mouth and Nose With Mask and Make Sure There Are No Gaps Between Your Face and the Mask
  • COVID-19: How to Use Mask: WHO Guideline: Avoid Touching the Mask While Using the Mask, if You Do, Clean Your Hands With Alcohol Based Hand Rub or Soap and Water
  • COVID-19: How to Use Mask: WHO Guideline: Replace the Mask With a New One as Soon as it is Damp and Do Not Re-Use Single-Use Masks
  • COVID-19: How to Use Mask: WHO Guideline: Remove the Mask From Behind (Do Not Touch the Front of Mask): Discard Immediately in a Closed Bin: Clean Hands with Alcohol-Based Hand Rub or Soap and Water
  • crimeandmoreworld.com Editor in Chief: Desiree Wilson, Editor: Saron Messambe Obia Consulting Editor: Shanthanu Bhattachaarya

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Early COVID-19 Vaccine Data Positive, but ‘Unimpressive’

A COVID-19 vaccine shows positive but somewhat disappointing results in the first stage of testing, according to a new study published Friday in The Lancet medical journal.

The vaccine tested in China triggered an immune response in most, but not all, patients, and many had negative side effects.

The study is the first to publish results from the initial phase of testing of a COVID-19 vaccine. More than 100 others are in development around the world, including nine others in clinical trials.

“If it was the only vaccine available, I think many people would take it,” said Gary Simon, head of the infectious disease division at George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences in Washington, D.C.

However, he added, “unless they can make it more tolerable, I can’t see how it’s going to be a major player.”

Phase 1

The small, preliminary trial tested 108 healthy volunteers in Wuhan, China, where the coronavirus first surfaced. The vaccine was developed by China-based CanSino Biologics with backing from the Chinese government.

After 28 days, half of those given low- or middle-dose levels of the vaccine produced neutralizing antibodies, the kind that would block infection. Three-quarters of those given the largest dose did.

Nearly all patients developed a positive response from a separate part of the immune system, within 14 days.

It’s not known yet whether either of these responses will be enough to protect patients. This early phase of testing is not designed to determine whether the vaccine works. It only tests whether the vaccine is safe and whether the immune system responds to it.

There were safety problems. The shot gave more than half the recipients sore arms. Nearly half developed a fever, including one serious case. About 40 percent had headaches or fatigue.

‘Unimpressive’

“Given that there was a safety issue, given that many patients didn’t have high [levels of] neutralizing antibodies, I would say this is a singularly unimpressive study,” said Paul Offit, director of the vaccine education center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

“I have no doubt there are going to be a number of vaccines that emerge that are going to be both safer and better than this vaccine appears to be,” Offit added.

The study covers only the first 28 days after injection. Final results will be evaluated in six months.

The vaccine is moving into a larger trial in Wuhan.

Leader of the pack

The report is the latest in a series of recent vaccine research announcements offering some tentative encouraging news.

Biotech company Moderna says its vaccine produced neutralizing antibodies in all eight patients for which it has results.

The company has not released the data, however, and scientists have expressed concerns about transparency.

Groups from Oxford Universityand Chinese company SinoVac reported that their vaccines protected rhesus monkeys from COVID-19.

But the studies also found signs that even if these vaccines keep people from getting sick, the shots might not stop them from spreading the disease.

Vaccinated animals still had the virus in their noses and throats. If the same thing happens in humans, and if those viruses can infect other people (both of which are far from certain at this point), then “to protect the population we’re going to have to be vaccinating many, many more people,” said Sarah Fortune, head of the infectious diseases department at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

“I think it’s a little bit sobering to see that while we may get protection against disease,” she said, “we may not get nearly as effective protection against transmission.”

Offit said there is no way of knowing whether any of these vaccines is truly safe and effective until it’s been tested on tens of thousands of people.

Offit said there is no way of knowing whether any of these vaccines is truly safe and effective until it’s been tested on tens of thousands of people.

“I think we should really wait and try not to predict what’s going to happen until we see the proof in the pudding,” he said.

Warp speed

With more than 335,000 dead and economies devastated worldwide, companies and governments are racing to produce a vaccine as soon as possible. Some are taking the unusual (and potentially costly) step of ramping up manufacturing of several vaccines before the proof is in.

Moderna has signed a deal to begin manufacturing its vaccine in July, with backing from the U.S. government.

The Trump administration announced that by October it would have at least 300 million doses of the Oxford vaccine available, through an agreement with pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca.

That timeline worries Offit.

“I can’t imagine that we would have the kinds of data we need to make sure that these vaccines are safe and effective,” he said.

“I just worry that there is a political drive to this, that they just want to make sure that we have something before the election” in November, he said.

“What we need are the data,” Offit added. “I hope this isn’t politicized.”~VOA

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India News Brief

 1 June, 2020

India Records Highest Single Day Increase of 8,392 Cases

India's COVID-19 Figure Reaches 1,91,041 Death Toll: 5,413

India's Most Affected States:

Maharashtra: Total Positive Cases:67,655 Total Deaths: 2,286

Gujarat: Total Positive Cases: 16,794 Total Deaths: 1,038

Madhya Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 8,089 Total Deaths: 350

West Bengal: Total Positive Cases: 5,501 Total Deaths: 317

Delhi: Total Positive Cases: 19,844  Total Deaths: 473

Rajasthan: Total Positive Cases: 8,980 Total Deaths: 194

Uttar Pradesh: Total Positive  Cases: 7,823 Total Deaths: 213

Tamil Nadu : Total Positive Cases: 22,333 Total Deaths: 173

Andhra Pradesh: Total Positive Cases: 3,679 Total Deaths: 62

Telengana: Total Positive Cases: 2,698 Total Deaths: 82 

Karnataka: Total Positive Cases: 3,221 Total Deaths: 51

Punjab: Total Positive Cases: 2,263 Total Deaths: 45

Jammu and Kashmir: 2,446 Total Deaths: 28

Lockdown extends till June 30

  • International air travel, Metro rail services not allowed 

Cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places; and, social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious functions/ and other large congregations will not allowed.

  • Places of worship, hotels will open from June 8 with specific guidelines.

According to MHA guidelines, in Phase II, schools, colleges, educational/ training/ coaching institutions etc., will be opened after consultations with States and Union Territories.

There shall be no restriction on inter-State and intra-State movement of persons and goods. No separate permission or approval or e-permit will be required for such movement

But  states have the freedom to decide on public movement.

COVID-19: Delhi Death Toll Rises to 82 in Last 24 Hours

Probable Guidelines for Lockdown 5.0.

More travel routes are likely to open in Lockdown 5.0.

From June 1, the Railways will operate 100 pairs of mail or express trains, bookings have already begun. Then AC class services will resume.

Some states have already begun intra-state buses. Other states may  begin intra-tate bus services after June 1.Metro  services may begin in a limited manner, with lesser passenger capacity, social distancing norms and longer stops at each station.

Shops selling non-essential items were allowed to open during Lockdown 4.0.. More shops may open in Lockdown 5.0 even in markets.But no confirmed news regarding opening of shopping malls.Now many shops that have re-opened in market areas are operating on an odd-even basis.

Some cities have already allowed salons and beauty parlours to open with strict social distancing guidelines and wearing protective gear is a must.In containment areas the same rule may prevail in Lockdown 5.0.

The Human Resource Development Ministry of India will soon announce the guidelines of   schools reopening.

How to identify Fake News or Messeges on Social Media 

Beware of Fake News and Fake Messages on Social Media

Always follow websites or social media platforms of traditional media outlets whether newspapers, magazines,Television News Channels or Radio Stations and authentic online only media outlets.They still maintain journalism excellence and stress on reportorial talent.On the other hand, fake news websites run by people with non journalism background and promote their own ideology with fake news and disinformations and obviously conspiracy theories.

But unfortunately mainstream media also manipulates news to establish their story angle.There were various instances when News papers and TV Channels promoted fake news/conspiracy theories in the form of out of context or manipulated pictures/videos and distorted informations.

Always check the URL of any website.Some fake news websites look like the orginal and popular one the same layout,Logo but if you check the URL you may find extra words like if the orginal website's URL is www.xxx.com the duplicate one might be www.xxx.com.co or something like that so first check the URL for authentic informations.

Check whether photos are original or photoshopped.Check Google images for authenticity.You can find help from Google Reverse Images search.

Check the news sources from other websites whether they picked up the story or not.

Whether the website layout is little bit clumsy and obviously grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes and excessive use of Sex related and sensational and hate stories.Because sex and hate sells.

Follow official websites relating to COVID-19

WHO Clarifies the disinformation about the virus:
COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates
Cold Weather and Snow can not kill the new coronavirus
Taking a Hot Bath Does Not Prevent COVID-19
COVID-19 Can not be transmitted through mosquito bites

Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth)

According to World Health Organization (WHO): Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth . If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition

Follow WHO guidelines

www.who.int

When you follow COVID-19 related news and messages from social media then check and recheck it before consuming it.Follow journalism mantra: if your mother says she loves you, check it out.

Most of the messages or informations quote different organizations like WHO, UNICEF, UNDP,Cambridge University  or other well known institutes,organizations or individual to authenticate the messeges.Check official websites of these organizations  if stories are repeated there

Forwarding messages from unknown sources or little known sources, it would be better to ignore it.

Check whether any logo like UNICEF or WHO or other organizations used in the messages which look similar to original logo.

These type of messages are full of Grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes which are quite uncommon in original messages.

Don't rely on viral social media messages such as Coronavirus Infected Indian Currencies of Rs.500 and Rs.2,000 Notes Found, Muslim Man Spit in Food At Indian Restaurant.....Always Check Authentic Sources.

Some fake messages pretend to be real one like unofficial Twitter handle of international media organizations like BBC,CNN,Washinton Post, New York Times-check the official Twitter handles of media outlets.

You can identify fake messages if the message requests you to share it.

Beware of Fake News or Fake Photos/Videos Relating to Communal Hatred

Always check the fact checking sites if you have some doubts about the authenticity of any information or picture.

www.boomlive.in

www.altnews.in

https://check4spam.com

https://smhoaxslayer.com

www.factchecker.in

www.allsides.com

www.factcheck.org

www.newsbusters.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

www.propublica.org

The Same Method Applies to You Tube Videos Check the Source the credibility of the Source.To Check Fake You Tube Videos Check and Recheck the sources. Does the person have the legal right to the video posted? Did that person capture the video? Whether it has been altered?

But due to advancement of technology we can not really wipe out fake news.According to experts advent of  Artificial Intelligence(AI) some companies small or big one developing  technologies that can  lay digitally created script to anybody's voice  even words,sentences never said by the person.Even they are developing a technology which can create fake video footage,images,audios like originals.So be cautious! Rumour-mongers are active everywhere whether in physical world or cyber world.

 

For any further information relating to fake news and how-to search authentic informations from the internet write to us info@crimeandmoreworld.com or Whats App:+919073399779

COVID-19 Related Conspiracy Theories:
https://fsi.stanford.edu/news/china-covid19

 

 

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